Cyborg

A cyborg, short for "cybernetic organism", is a being with both biological and artificial (i.e. electronic, mechanical, or robotic) parts. See for example biomaterials and bioelectronics. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space. D. S. Halacy's Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman in 1965 featured an introduction which spoke of a "new frontier" that was "not merely space, but more profoundly the relationship between 'inner space' to 'outer space' – a bridge...between mind and matter."

The beginning of Cyborg creation began when HCI (human-computer interaction) began. There is a clear distinction between the human and computerized technology in HCI, which differs from cyborgs in that cyborgs act out human functions.

The term cyborg is often applied to an organism that has enhanced abilities due to technology, though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity of feedback for regulating the subsystem. The more strict definition of Cyborg is almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities. While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term "Cybernetic organism" has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts.

Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as a synthesis of organic and synthetic parts, and frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may be represented as visibly mechanical (e.g. the Cybermen in the Doctor Who franchise or The Borg from Star Trek); or as almost indistinguishable from humans (e.g. the Terminators from the Terminator films, the "Human" Cylons from the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica etc.) The 1970s television series The Six Million Dollar Man featured one of the most famous fictional cyborgs, referred to as a bionic man; the series was based upon a novel by Martin Caidin entitled Cyborg. Cyborgs in fiction often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will. Cyborgs are also often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart (military forms may have inbuilt weapons, among other things).

Read more about Cyborg:  Overview, Origins, Individual Cyborgs, Social Cyborgs

Other articles related to "cyborg, cyborgs":

Cyborg She
... Cyborg She (僕の彼女はサイボーグ, Boku no Kanojo wa Saibōgu?, literally "My Girlfriend is a Cyborg") is a 2008 Japanese film by South Korean director writer Kwak Jae-yong ...
List Of Fictional Cyborgs - Movies - 1990s
... Queen/7of9 from Star Trek First Contact (and series Star Trek Voyager) Casella "Cash" Reese from Cyborg 2 and Cyborg 3 Cyborg Mark in Hong Kong Stephen Chow's comedy Sixty Million Dollar Man ...
Cyborg Attack - Style and Themes
... Cyborg Attack developed step by step their typical harsh but charismatic sound ... The sound was going to be the figurehead of Cyborg Attack ... The lyrical main topics of Cyborg Attack basically themes like war, surreal end of time-forebodings, as well as socio-critical facts ...
Cyborg Proliferation in Society - Cyborg Foundation
... In 2010, the Cyborg Foundation became the world's first international organization dedicated to help humans become cyborgs ... The foundation was created by cyborg Neil Harbisson and Moon Ribas as a response to the growing amount of letters and emails received from people around the world interested in becoming a cyborg ... extensions to the body, to promote the use of cybernetics in cultural events and to defend cyborg rights ...
Cyborg Kuro-chan
... Cyborg Kuro-chan (サイボーグクロちゃん, Saibōgu Kurochan?) is a shōnen manga series created by Naoki Yokōchi, serialized in Kodansha's Comic BonBon magazine ... who is kidnapped and modified by a mad scientist to be a part of a cyborg army bent on world domination ... as urban destruction, parallel universes, outer space, and battles between other cats and cyborgs ...