In the philosophy of perception, critical realism is the theory that some of our sense-data (for example, those of primary qualities) can and do accurately represent external objects, properties, and events, while other of our sense-data (for example, those of secondary qualities and perceptual illusions) do not accurately represent any external objects, properties, and events. Put simply, critical realism highlights a mind-dependent aspect of the world, which reaches to understand (and comes to understanding of) the mind independent world.
Contemporary critical realism most commonly refers to a philosophical approach associated with Roy Bhaskar. Bhaskar's thought combines a general philosophy of science (transcendental realism) with a philosophy of social science (critical naturalism) to describe an interface between the natural and social worlds. Critical realism can, however, refer to several other schools of thought, such as the work of the American critical realists (Roy Wood Sellars, George Santayana, and Arthur Lovejoy). The term has also been appropriated by theorists in the science-religion interface community. The Canadian Jesuit Bernard Lonergan developed a comprehensive critical realist philosophy and this understanding of critical realism dominates North America's Catholic Universities.
Read more about Critical Realism: Locke and Descartes, American Critical Realism, British Realism, Theological Critical Realism, Critical Realism in Economics, Critical Realism and Marxism, Critical Realism in International Relations Theory
Other articles related to "critical realism, critical":
... Since 2000, critical realist philosophy has also been increasingly influential in the field of International Relations (IR) theory ... utility of beginning IR research from a critical realist social ontology - an ontology they all credit Roy Bhaskar with originating ...
... One objection to Bhaskar's early Critical Realism is that it begs the question, assuming, rather than proving, the existence of the intransitive domain ... phase of his philosophy proves too much, since Critical Realism was already dialectical ... phase has been criticized by many (most?) adherents of early Critical Realism for departing from the fundamental positions which made it important and interesting, without providing ...
... of the philosophies of science and social science resulted in the development of Critical Realism, a philosophical approach that defends the critical and emancipatory potential of rational (scientific ... of objectivity properly understood for a critical project ... The term Critical Realism was not initially used by Bhaskar ...
Famous quotes containing the words realism and/or critical:
“I hate vulgar realism in literature. The man who could call a spade a spade should be compelled to use one. It is the only thing he is fit for.”
—Oscar Wilde (18541900)
“The critical method which denies literary modernity would appearand even, in certain respects, would bethe most modern of critical movements.”
—Paul Deman (19191983)