Criminal Justice Act 2003

The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c.44) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is a wide ranging measure introduced to modernise many areas of the criminal justice system in England and Wales and, to a lesser extent, in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

It amends the law relating to police powers, bail, disclosure, allocation of criminal offences, prosecution appeals, autrefois acquit ("double jeopardy"), hearsay, bad character evidence, sentencing and release on licence. It permits offences to be tried by a judge sitting alone without a jury in cases where there is a danger of jury-tampering. It also expands the circumstances in which defendants can be tried twice for the same offence (double jeopardy), when "new and compelling evidence" is introduced.

Read more about Criminal Justice Act 2003:  Origins, Trials Without A Jury, Retrial For Serious Offences (the 'Double Jeopardy' Rule), Sentencing Reform

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Criminal Justice Act 2003 - Controversy - Judges
... comment on the poor drafting of many provisions of the Act, which have resulted in numerous appeals to ascertain what the Act means ... In March 2006 Lord Justice Rose, sitting in the Court of Appeal, said Time and again during the last 14 months, this Court has striven to give sensible practical effect to ... of the deeply confusing provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, and the satellite statutory instruments to which it is giving stuttering birth ...

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