Corporal punishment is a form of physical punishment that involves the deliberate infliction of pain as retribution for an offence, or for the purpose of disciplining or reforming a wrongdoer, or to deter attitudes or behaviour deemed unacceptable. The term usually refers to methodically striking the offender with the open hand or with an implement, whether in judicial, domestic, or educational settings.
Corporal punishment is defined by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child as:
"any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort, however light."
Corporal punishment may be divided into three main types:
- Parental or domestic corporal punishment: within the family—typically, children punished by parents or guardians;
- School corporal punishment: within schools, when students are punished by teachers or school administrators, or, in the past, apprentices by master craftsmen;
- Judicial corporal punishment: as part of a criminal sentence ordered by a court of law. Closely related is prison corporal punishment, ordered either directly by the prison authorities or by a visiting court. Corporal punishment is also still allowed in some military settings, and banned in others.
Corporal punishment of minors within domestic settings is lawful in all 50 of the United States and, according to a 2000 survey, is widely approved by parents. It has been officially outlawed in 32 countries.
Corporal punishment in school has been outlawed in Canada, Kenya, Korea, South Africa, New Zealand and nearly all of Europe. It remains legal in some parts of the world, including 19 states of the USA.
Judicial corporal punishment has virtually disappeared from the western world but remains in force in many parts of Africa and Asia.
There are various national and international campaigns against corporal punishment.
Other articles related to "corporal punishment, punishments, punishment":
... Corporal punishment used to be lawful and widely used in South Korean schools ... These punishments are typically administered in a classroom or corridor with other students present, and the procedure is generally less formal and premeditated than in ... is common for several students to receive corporal punishment together ...
... in Calhoun Hills, South Carolina, David Nixon, a supporter of corporal punishment in schools, says that as soon as the student has been punished he can go back to his class and continue learning, in contrast to ... Augustine High School in New Orleans, was another supporter of corporal punishment ... Berrigan said that corporal punishment saved much staff time that would otherwise have been devoted to supervising detention classes or in-school suspension ...
... Corporal punishment in official settings, such as schools and prisons, has typically been carried out as a formal ceremony, with a standard procedure, emphasising the solemnity of the ... In the case of prison or judicial punishments, formal punishment might begin with the offender stripped of some or all of their clothing and secured to a piece of furniture, such as a trestle or frame, (X-cro ... a number of common types that are encountered when reading about corporal punishment ...
... one of a very small number of educational settings in the United Kingdom that still condones corporal punishment as part of its sanctions policy ... Although corporal punishment was banned in the United Kingdom schools, Tyndale Academy is able to continue the practise legally as pupils only attend on a part-ti ... definition of a school, they are unaffected by the law preventing the use of corporal punishment ...
... states and the District of Columbia have banned corporal punishment from use in state schools ... Two states, New Jersey and Iowa, additionally ban the use of corporal punishment in private schools ...
Famous quotes containing the words punishment and/or corporal:
“The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime, and the punishment of his guilt.”
—John Philpot Curran (17501817)
“The sense of death is most in apprehension,
And the poor beetle that we tread upon
In corporal sufferance finds a pang as great
As when a giant dies.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)