A conjecture is a proposition that is unproven. Karl Popper pioneered the use of the term "conjecture" in scientific philosophy. Conjecture is contrasted by hypothesis (hence theory, axiom, principle), which is a testable statement based on accepted grounds. In mathematics, a conjecture is an unproven proposition that appears correct.

Read more about Conjecture:  Famous Conjectures, Counterexamples, Use of Conjectures in Conditional Proofs, Undecidable Conjectures

Other articles related to "conjecture":

Undecidable Conjectures
... Not every conjecture ends up being proven true or false ... The continuum hypothesis, which tries to ascertain the relative cardinality of certain infinite sets, was eventually shown to be undecidable (or independent) from the generally accepted set of axioms of set theory ...
Lonely Runner Conjecture
... the study of diophantine approximation, the lonely runner conjecture is a conjecture originally due to J ... Applications of the conjecture are widespread in mathematics they include view obstruction problems and calculating the chromatic number of distance graphs and ... The conjecture was given its picturesque name by L ...

Famous quotes containing the word conjecture:

    What these perplexities of my uncle Toby were,—’tis impossible for you to guess;Mif you could,—I should blush ... as an author; inasmuch as I set no small store by myself upon this very account, that my reader has never yet been able to guess at any thing. And ... if I thought you was able to form the least ... conjecture to yourself, of what was to come in the next page,—I would tear it out of my book.
    Laurence Sterne (1713–1768)

    There is something fascinating about science. One gets such wholesale returns of conjecture out of such a trifling investment of fact.
    Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (1835–1910)