Comparison of Linux Distributions - Technical


The following table shows the default file system, but many Linux distributions support some or all of ext2, ext3, ext4, ReiserFS, Reiser4, JFS, XFS, GFS2, OCFS2, and NILFS. It is possible to install Linux onto most of these file systems. The ext file systems, namely ext2, ext3, and ext4 are based on the original Linux file system. File systems have been developed by companies to meet their specific needs, and by hobbyists, or adapted from Unix, Microsoft Windows, and other operating systems. Linux has full support for XFS and JFS, FAT (the DOS file system), and HFS, the main file system for the Macintosh. Support for Microsoft Windows NT's NTFS file system has appeared, and is now comparable to the support available for other native Unix file systems. CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs' ISO 9660 and Universal Disk Format (UDF) are supported. Unlike other operating systems, Linux and Unix allow any file system regardless of the medium it is stored on, whether that medium is a magnetic disk, an optical disk (CD, DVD, etc.), a USB flash memory key, or even contained within a file located on another file system.

Similarly, many C-compilers (mainly GNU Compiler Collection (GCC)), desktop environments and window managers are widely supported.

Distribution Default file system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection
64 Studio ? GNOME
Alinex ext3 GNOME
aLinux none KDE Plasma Workspaces
ALT Linux ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce
Annvix none ?
aptosid ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Arch Linux none none
Asianux ext3 K Desktop Environment 3
BackTrack ext3 GNOME/KDE (Decided on download)
BLAG Linux and GNU ext3 GNOME
Bodhi ext4 Enlightenment
Caixa M√°gica ? ?
CentOS ext3 GNOME
ClearOS ext3 GNOME
CrunchBang Linux ext3 Openbox or Xfce
CRUX none Openbox
Damn Small Linux ext3 JWM
Debian ext4 GNOME, KDE, Xfce, LXDE
DeLi Linux ext3/ext2 IceWM
Dreamlinux ext3 Xfce
dyne:bolic SquashFS, ext3 Xfce
EasyPeasy ext3 GNOME, Ubuntu Netbook Edition
Elive SquashFS, ReiserFS Enlightenment
EnGarde Secure Linux ext3 none
Fedora ext4 GNOME
Finnix SquashFS none
Foresight Linux ext3 GNOME
Frugalware none KDE Plasma Workspaces
Gentoo none Awesome, Enlightenment, Fluxbox, GNOME, KDE, LXDE-Meta, Openbox, XBMC and Xfce (live DVD)
gnuLinEx ext2 GNOME
GoboLinux ReiserFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
gNewSense ext3 GNOME
Impi Linux ? KDE Plasma Workspaces
Instant WebKiosk SquashFS Has no DE. It's a browser-only interface
KateOS ? Xfce
Kanotix ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Knoppix XFS LXDE
Kurumin ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Linspire ReiserFS K Desktop Environment 3
Linux Mint ext4 MATE, Cinnamon
Lunar Linux none none
Mageia ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME
Mandriva Linux ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
MEPIS ext3, ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
MintPPC ext3, ext4 LXDE
Musix GNU/Linux ? IceWM
Network Security Toolkit ext4 GNOME, Fluxbox
NimbleX SquashFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
Nitix ReiserFS none
openSUSE ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, Xfce
OpenWrt mini_fo+SquashFS/JFFS2 none
Pardus ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Parsix ext4 GNOME
PCLinuxOS none KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME, LXDE, Xfce, Enlightenment, Openbox
Pentoo SquashFS Enlightenment
Puppy Linux SquashFS containing ext2 JWM
Red Flag Linux ext3 K Desktop Environment 3
Red Hat Enterprise Linux ext4 GNOME
Rxart Desktop ext3 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Sabayon Linux ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, GNOME
Scientific Linux ext3 GNOME
SHR ext3, JFFS2, UBIFS Enlightenment's Illume 2
Slackware ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces, Xfce, Fluxbox, Blackbox, twm
Slax SquashFS KDE Plasma Workspaces
SliTaz GNU/Linux ext3 Openbox
Source Mage GNU/Linux ext2 none
Super OS ext4 Unity with fallback to GNOME 2.x
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop ext3 GNOME
Symphony OS ReiserFS Mezzo
SYS ext3 KDE SC, GNOME, Xfce (selectable in kdm)
Tor-ramdisk ext2 none
Ubuntu/Edubuntu ext4 Unity on GNOME, Unity 2D for fallback
Kubuntu ext4 KDE Plasma Workspaces
Xubuntu ext4 Xfce
Ututo ext3 GNOME
VectorLinux ReiserFS KDE, Openbox, Fluxbox, IceWM, Xfce
Wolvix ext3 Xfce, Openbox
Xandros Desktop ReiserFS K Desktop Environment 3
XBMC Live ext3 XBMC Media Center
Yellow Dog Linux ? Enlightenment
Yoper ext3 KDE SC
Zentyal ext4 LXDE
Zenwalk ext4 Xfce
Distribution Default file system Install-time desktop environment or window manager selection

Read more about this topic:  Comparison Of Linux Distributions

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