Chinese Astronomy - Foreign Influences - Indian Astronomy

Indian Astronomy

Buddhism first reached China during the Eastern Han Dynasty, and translation of Indian works on astronomy came to China by the Three Kingdoms era (220–265 CE). However, the most detailed incorporation of Indian astronomy occurred only during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), when a number of Chinese scholars—such as Yi Xing—were versed both in Indian and Chinese astronomy. A system of Indian astronomy was recorded in China as Jiuzhi-li (718 CE), the author of which was an Indian by the name of Qutan Xida—a translation of Devanagari Gotama Siddha—the director of the Tang dynasty's national astronomical observatory.

The astronomical table of sines by the Indian astronomer and mathematician Aryabhatan was translated into the Chinese astronomical and mathematical book Treatise on Astrology of the Kaiyuan Era (Kaiyuan Zhanjing), compiled in 718 AD during the Tang Dynasty. The Kaiyuan Zhanjing was compiled by Gautama Siddha, an astronomer and astrologer born in Chang'an, and whose family was originally from India. He was also notable for his translation of the Navagraha calendar into Chinese.

Read more about this topic:  Chinese Astronomy, Foreign Influences

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... Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937), Indian polymath a physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction ... laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent ... He was the first person from the Indian subcontinent to receive a US patent, in 1904 ...
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... Indian astronomy is slightly different from modern astronomy ... Amateur astronomers residing in rural areas use the ancient form of Hindu astronomy which is close to the Āryabhatīya, the magnum opus of Aryabhata named above ... Aryabhatta was the first to prepare the Indian Almanac, better known as panchangam ...
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... Indian astronomy reached China with the expansion of Buddhism during the Later Han dynasty (25–220 CE) ... Further translation of Indian works on astronomy was completed in China by the Three Kingdoms era (220–265 CE) ... However, the most detailed incorporation of Indian astronomy occurred only during the Tang Dynasty (618–907) when a number of Chinese scholars—such as Yi ...
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... have suggested that knowledge of the results of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics may have been transmitted to Europe through the trade route from Kerala by traders and Jesuit missionaries ... concluded that the observational techniques and instruments used in European astronomy were inferior to those used in India at the time ... Hindu and Islamic traditions were slowly displaced by European astronomy, though there were attempts at harmonizing these traditions ...

Famous quotes containing the words astronomy and/or indian:

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