Classical Chinese

Classical Chinese or Literary Chinese (古文, gǔ wén, "ancient text" or 文言文 wényán wén, "text of written language") is a traditional style of written Chinese based on the grammar and vocabulary of ancient Chinese, making it different from any modern spoken form of Chinese. Classical Chinese was used for almost all formal correspondence in China until the early 20th century, and also, during various periods, in Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Among Chinese speakers, Classical Chinese has been largely replaced by written vernacular Chinese (白話; pinyin: báihuà, "plain speech"), a style of writing that is similar to modern spoken Mandarin Chinese, while speakers of non-Chinese languages have largely abandoned Classical Chinese in favor of local vernaculars.

Literary Chinese is known as kanbun in Japanese, hanmun in Korean, and Hán Văn in Vietnamese (From 漢文 in all three cases; pinyin: hànwén, "Han writing").

Read more about Classical ChineseDefinitions, Pronunciation, Grammar and Lexicon, Teaching and Use

Other articles related to "classical chinese, chinese, classical":

Singaporean Mandarin - Differences From Standard Mandarin - Same Meaning, Different Words
... durable/lasting 耐用 nài yòng 耐用 nài yòng From classical Chinese ... chē drive a car 开车 kāi chē 開車 kāi chē The word 驾 originates from classical Chinese ... 客工 kè gōng foreign worker 外勞 wài láo 外劳 also appears in some Singaporean Chinese writing (e.g ...
Classical Chinese - Teaching and Use
... Classical Chinese was the main form used in Chinese literary works until the May Fourth Movement, and was also used extensively in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam ... Classical Chinese was used to write the Hunmin Jeongeum proclamation in which the modern Korean alphabet (hangul) was promulgated and the essay by Hu Shi in which he argued against using Classical Chinese and ... Italian.) Exceptions to the use of Classical Chinese were vernacular novels such as Dream of the Red Chamber, which was considered "vulgar" at the time ...
List Of Chinese Gardens - Outside China
... In Asia Chinese Garden, Singapore in Singapore Enchoen, Yurihama, Tottori, Japan Fukushūen (Fuzhou Garden) in Naha, Okinawa, Japan In Canada The ... Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden in Vancouver, BC, Canada In Europe Chinese Garden of Serenity in Santa Luċija, Malta Chinese Garden, Zürich, Switzerland Chinesischer Garten in Berlin ...
Literary Language - Other Languages - Chinese
... See main article Classical Chinese Literary Chinese, Wényánwén (文言文), "Literary Writing", is the form of written Chinese used from the end of the Han Dynasty to the early 20th ... Literary Chinese diverged more and more from Classical Chinese as the dialects of China became more and more disparate and as the Classical written language became less and less ... At the same time, Literary Chinese was based largely upon the Classical language, and writers frequently borrowed Classical language into their literary writings ...
Classical Chinese Writers
... Classical Chinese writers were trained as compilers rather than as originators composing information ... These writers in Classical Chinese were trained by memorizing extensive tracts in the classics and histories ... However, these early Chinese writers considered themselves not as creators, but as preservers of the record ...

Famous quotes containing the word classical:

    Culture is a sham if it is only a sort of Gothic front put on an iron building—like Tower Bridge—or a classical front put on a steel frame—like the Daily Telegraph building in Fleet Street. Culture, if it is to be a real thing and a holy thing, must be the product of what we actually do for a living—not something added, like sugar on a pill.
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