Calligraphy (from Greek κάλλος kallos "beauty" + γραφή graphẽ "writing") is a type of visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument or brush in one stroke (as opposed to built up lettering, in which the letters are drawn.) (Mediavilla 1996: 17). A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is "the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and skillful manner" (Mediavilla 1996: 18). The story of writing is one of aesthetic evolution framed within the technical skills, transmission speed(s) and material limitations of a person, time and place (Diringer 1968: 441). A style of writing is described as a script, hand or alphabet (Fraser and Kwiatkowski 2006; Johnston 1909: Plate 6).

Modern calligraphy ranges from functional hand-lettered inscriptions and designs to fine-art pieces where the abstract expression of the handwritten mark may or may not compromise the legibility of the letters (Mediavilla 1996). Classical calligraphy differs from typography and non-classical hand-lettering, though a calligrapher may create all of these; characters are historically disciplined yet fluid and spontaneous, at the moment of writing (Pott 2006 and 2005; Zapf 2007 and 2006).

Calligraphy continues to flourish in the forms of wedding and event invitations, font design/typography, original hand-lettered logo design, religious art, announcements/graphic design/commissioned calligraphic art, cut stone inscriptions and memorial documents. It is also used for props and moving images for film and television, testimonials, birth and death certificates, maps, and other works involving writing (see for example Letter Arts Review; Propfe 2005; Geddes and Dion 2004). Some of the finest works of modern calligraphy are charters and letters patent issued by monarchs and officers of state in various countries.

Read more about CalligraphyEastern Asian Calligraphy, Mayan Glyphs

Other articles related to "calligraphy":

Calligraphy - Mayan Glyphs
... Mayan calligraphy was expressed via Mayan hieroglyphs modern Mayan calligraphy is mainly used on seals and monuments in the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico ... Yucatán and Quintana Roo, Mayan calligraphy is written in Latin letters ... known as stele are a common source of ancient Mayan calligraphy ...
Sheila Waters
... under the tutelage of Dorothy Mahoney (assistant to the great pioneer of calligraphy, Edward Johnston) ... She inaugurated the program of calligraphy courses at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C ... She travels extensively, lecturing and teaching workshops for every major calligraphy society in North America between 1972 and 2007 ...
Lou Zhenggang - Biography - Early Years (-to 1986)
... Lou began to study calligraphy with her father, Lou De Ping, at the age of three ... to enroll years early at the Central Academy of Fine Art, where she was taught by masters of calligraphy and ink painting ... In 1980, she won first prize at the National Youth Calligraphy Exhibition in China, and one year later was elected a member of the Chinese Calligrapher’s Association ...
M. J. Alhabeeb - Painting Vs. Calligraphy
... who borrow some of the painting methods and styles, Alhabeeb does not mix calligraphy with painting ... His calligraphy stays close to the classic Arabic and Islamic old school, which is free of any painting techniques ...