British Pakistanis

British Pakistanis (Urdu: برطانوی پاکستانی‎; also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are British citizens whose ancestral roots lie in Pakistan. This includes people who were born in the United Kingdom and are of Pakistani descent, and Pakistani-born people who have migrated to the country. The majority of British Pakistanis are from the Punjab and Kashmir regions, with a smaller number from the Pashtun regions (mainly Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and other parts of the country. The United Kingdom is home to the second largest overseas Pakistani community, behind the Pakistani community in Saudi Arabia. British Pakistanis make up the second largest subgroup of British Asians and are also the second largest ethnic minority population in the United Kingdom.

Immigration to the U.K. from the region which is now Pakistan began in the mid-nineteenth century, but this was fleeting and minuscule in number. During the mid-nineteenth century, parts of Pakistan came under the British Raj and people from those regions served as soldiers in the British Indian Army and some were deployed in other parts of the British Empire. However it was following the Second World War, the break-up of the British Empire and the independence of Pakistan, that Pakistani immigration to the United Kingdom increased, especially during the 1950s and 1960s. This was made easier by the fact that Pakistan was a member of the Commonwealth. Pakistani immigrants helped to resolve labour shortages in the British steel and textile industries. Doctors from Pakistan were recruited by the National Health Service in the 1960s.

The demographics of British Pakistanis have changed considerably since they first arrived in the UK. The population has grown from about 10,000 in 1951 to roughly 1.2 million today. The most diverse Pakistani population is in London which consists of Punjabis, Pashtuns, Kashmiris, Sindhis, Saraikis, Balochis as well as Urdu-speaking people (mostly from Karachi) and others. The majority of British Pakistanis are Muslims; around 90 per cent of those living in England and Wales at the time of the 2001 UK Census stated their religion was Islam, with the remainder belonging to other beliefs. The majority are Sunni Muslims, with a significant minority of Shia Muslims. The UK also has one of the largest overseas Christian Pakistani communities; the 2001 census recorded around 8,000 Christian Pakistanis living in England and Wales.

Many British Pakistanis have established highly successful businesses and belong to middle class lifestyles. However, British Pakistanis also have the second highest overall relative poverty rate in Britain, after British Bangladeshis. A large number of British Pakistanis are self-employed, with a significant number working in the transport industry or in family-run businesses in the retail sector.

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Pakistani Diaspora In The United Kingdom - Politics
... See also British Asians in politics of the United Kingdom Politics is a field that British Pakistanis have excelled in ... There are seven British Pakistanis MPs in the House of Commons, including Shadow Secretary of State for Justice Sadiq Khan and Economic Secretary to the Treasury Sajid Javid, described ... on the right and would be the Tories' first Muslim leader." Notable British Pakistani's in the House of Lords include Minister for Faith and Communities and former ...
British Pakistanis - Politics - Others
... Scottish Parliament elections, Scottish Pakistani voters supported the Scottish National Party (SNP) more than the average Scottish voter ... in Birmingham and Newham in London, where there are large Pakistani populations ... is the most senior Liberal Democrat politician of Pakistani origin ...
Pakistani Diaspora In The United Kingdom - Politics - Labour Party
... Party has traditionally been the natural choice for many British Pakistanis ... A 2005 poll carried out by ICM showed that 40 per cent of British Pakistanis intended to vote for Labour, compared to 5 per cent for the Conservative Party and ... Labour Party are also said to be more dependent on votes from British Pakistanis than the Conservative Party ...
Pakistani Diaspora In The United Kingdom - Economics - Social Class
... The majority of British Pakistanis are considered to be working class ... According to the 2001 Census, 13.8 per cent of Pakistanis living in Great Britain were in managerial or professional occupations, 14 per cent in intermediate occupations, and 23.3 in routine or manual occupations ... Whilst British Pakistanis living in the Midlands and the North are particularly more likely to be unemployed or suffer from social exclusion, some Pakistani ...
Pakistani Diaspora In The United Kingdom
... British Pakistanis (Urdu برطانوی پاکستانی‎ also known as Pakistani British people or Pakistani Britons) are British citizens whose ancestral ... This includes people who were born in the United Kingdom and are of Pakistani descent, and Pakistani-born people who have migrated to the country ... The majority of British Pakistanis are from the Punjab and Kashmir regions, with a smaller number from the Pashtun regions (mainly Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Sindh and other parts of the ...

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