Brain Drain

Human capital flight, more commonly referred to as "brain drain", is the large-scale emigration of a large group of individuals with technical skills or knowledge. The reasons usually include two aspects which respectively come from countries and individuals. In terms of countries, the reasons may be social environment (in source countries: lack of opportunities, political instability, economic depression, health risks, etc.; in host countries: rich opportunities, political stability and freedom, developed economy, better living conditions, etc.). In terms of individual reasons, there are family influence (overseas relatives), and personal preference: preference for exploring, ambition for an improved career, etc. Although the term originally referred to technology workers leaving a nation, the meaning has broadened into: "the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another, usually for better pay or living conditions". Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost, since emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their training sponsored by the government or other organizations. It is a parallel of capital flight, which refers to the same movement of financial capital. Brain drain is often associated with de-skilling of emigrants in their country of destination, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals.

The term brain drain was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of "scientists and technologists" to North America from post-war Europe. Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientist and engineers. The converse phenomenon is "brain gain", which occurs when there is a large-scale immigration of technically qualified persons. There are also relevant phrases called "brain circulation" and "brain waste".

Brain drain is common amongst developing nations, such as the former colonies of Africa, the island nations of the Caribbean, and particularly in centralized economies such as former East Germany and the Soviet Union, where marketable skills were not financially rewarded.

Read more about Brain DrainPreventative Measures

Other articles related to "brain drain, brain, drain":

Preventative Measures - The Utility of The Brain Drain
... family with them so they are not obliged to send money back” making the brain drain highly problematic for society especially when countries invest up to ‘$50,000 on highly skilled individuals’ ... In assessing the usefulness of the brain drain it is important to understand that for some of the world’s developing countries “the gains from migration accrue ...
Serbia–United States Relations - Immigration, Brain Drain, and Professionals From Serbia
... Brain drain to the United States and Canada has been cited as a chronic phenomenon in Serbia, especially from 1990 to 2000 during the decade of UN sanctions and war ...
Brain Circulation Vs Brain Drain
... of emigration of skilled labor as Brain Drain and the process of immigration of skilled labor to foreign countries as Brain Gain, denoting the gain of intellectual ... But some have lately realized that Brain Drain is only one part of the story ... expatriates, provided it is able to tap into them, and such a process is called Brain Circulation ...
Brain Drain (album)
... Brain Drain is the eleventh studio album by the American punk rock band Ramones ... his autobiography, Lobotomy Surviving the Ramones It was tough recording the Brain Drain album because everyone took their shit out on me ...
Mzansi - Economy - Labour Market
... Along with many African nations, South Africa has been experiencing a "brain drain" in the past 20 years ... The skills drain in South Africa tends to demonstrate racial contours given the skills distribution legacy of South Africa and has thus resulted in large white South African communities abroad ... However, the statistics which purport to show a brain drain are disputed and also do not account for repatriation and expiry of foreign work contracts ...

Famous quotes containing the words drain and/or brain:

    Why is it so difficult to see the lesbian—even when she is there, quite plainly, in front of us? In part because she has been “ghosted”Mor made to seem invisible—by culture itself.... Once the lesbian has been defined as ghostly—the better to drain her of any sensual or moral authority—she can then be exorcised.
    Terry Castle, U.S. lesbian author. The Apparitional Lesbian, ch. 1 (1993)

    An honest fellow enough, and one that loves quails, but he has not so much brain as ear-wax.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)