Bermuda Hotspot

The Bermuda hotspot is the supposed "hotspot" (or mantle plume) proposed to explain the Bermuda Rise (a cluster of extinct volcanoes in the Atlantic Ocean, including the island of Bermuda), and also invoked by Cox and Van Arsdale to explain the origin of the Mississippi Embayment and by Nunn to explain the Sabine Uplift (southwest of the Mississippi Embayment).

A hotspot origin for the Bermuda Rise has never been strongly supported, and has been largely shut out by a detailed and tightly argued paper by Vogt and Jung. (See also shorter article at MantlePlumes.org )

Evidence cited against a hotspot origin include: 1) Lack of a chain of age-progressive seamounts, such as with the Hawaiian-Emperor or New England seamount chains. 2) Elongation of the Bermuda Rise at a right angle to the direction of plate motion. 3) Various problems with the ages of igneous rock attributed to the supposed hotspot and ensuing complications in the implied rate of hotspot motion.

Vogt and Jung attribute the origin of the Bermuda Rise to a reorganization of plate tectonics triggered by the closing of the Tethys Sea, but allow that until more data is obtained this is very speculative. Detailed treatment of plate-tectonic-related theory for the explanation of intraplate volcanism has recently been summarised in a book called "Plates vs Plumes: A geological controversy" by Gillian R. Foulger.

Other articles related to "bermuda hotspot, bermuda, hotspot, hotspots":

Olympic-Wallowa Lineament - Broader Context - Bermuda Hotspot Track?
... this seamount—OWL alignment marks the passage some 150 Ma ago of the Bermuda hotspot ... substantial doubt has been raised as to whether Bermuda is truly a "hotspot", and lacking any supporting evidence this putative hotspot track is entirely ... might actually run the other way do some of these "hotspots" accumulate in zones where the crust is already weakened (by means as yet unknown)? The ...