Links Between BER and Cancer
Defects in a variety of DNA repair pathways lead to cancer predisposition, and BER appears to follow this pattern. Deletion of BER genes increases the mutation rate in a variety of organisms, predicting that loss of BER could contribute to the development of cancer. Indeed, somatic mutations in Pol β have been found in 30% of human cancers, and some of these mutations lead to transformation when expressed in mouse cells. Mutations in the DNA glycosylase MYH are also known to increase susceptibility to colon cancer.
Read more about this topic: Base Excision Repair
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