Barter Island

Barter Island is an island located on the Arctic coast of the U.S. state of Alaska, east of Arey Island in the Beaufort Sea. It is about four miles (6 km) long and about two miles (3 km) wide at its widest point.

Until the late 19th century, Barter Island was a major trade center for the Inupiat people and was especially important as a bartering place for Inupiat from Alaska and Inuit from Canada, hence its name.

At one time before about 1900, there had been a large whaling village on Barter Island. Tradition has it that the Alaska Inupiat drove the villagers, Canadian Inupiat, from the island in about 1900.

In about 1919, trader Tom Gordon and his wife, Mary Agiaq Gordon, moved from Barrow to Barter Island with their family, some relatives, friends, and their families. Mary's younger brother, Andrew Akootchook, helped to choose the location for the trading post, because of its good harbor and convenient and accessible location for hunting on land and sea. Tom Gordon and the settlers built a trading post at the site and a few families settled near Gordon's trading post.

In 1953 and 1954, a runway and Distant Early Warning Line radar station were built on the island. Several families settled near the runway and the area around the runway was incorporated in 1971 as the City of Kaktovik.

In 1970 3 sounding rockets of Nike-Tomahawk type were launched there for high-altitude research.

Other articles related to "barter island":

Barter Island LRRS Airport
... Barter Island LRRS Airport (IATA BTI, ICAO PABA, FAA LID BTI) is a public/military airport located near the city of Kaktovik on Barter Island, in the North Slope Borough, located 312 miles (502 km ... It is also known as Barter Island Airport or Kaktovik Airport ...
Barter Island LRRS Airport - History
... Air Force assumed control of Barter Island in 1951 and extended the runway in 1953 to support the Distant Early Warning Line Radar station at Barter Island (BAR-MAIN) ... The Barter Island DEW Line station was operated by civilian contract workers ...
Era Alaska - Destinations
... Wiley Post–Will Rogers Memorial Airport Barter Island / Kaktovik (BTI) – Barter Island LRRS Airport Bethel (BET) – Bethel Airport Brevig Mission (KTS) – Brevig Mission Airport Buckland (BKC) – Buckland ... HPB) – Hooper Bay Airport Huslia (HLA) – Huslia Airport Kaktovik (see Barter Island) Kalskag (KLG) – Kalskag Airport Kaltag (KAL) – Kaltag Airport Kasigluk (KUK) – Kasigluk Airport Kavik ...

Famous quotes containing the words island and/or barter:

    In all things I would have the island of a man inviolate. Let us sit apart as the gods, talking from peak to peak all round Olympus. No degree of affection need invade this religion.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    The propensity to truck, barter and exchange one thing for another ... is common to all men, and to be found in no other race of animals.
    Adam Smith (1723–1790)