Bariatric surgery (weight-loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
Long-term studies show the procedures cause significant long-term loss of weight, recovery from diabetes, improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, and a reduction in mortality of 23% from 40%. However, a study in Veterans Affairs (VA) patients has found no survival benefit associated with bariatric surgery among older, severely obese people when compared with usual care, at least out to seven years.
The U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends bariatric surgery for obese people with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40, and for people with BMI 35 and serious coexisting medical conditions such as diabetes. However, research is emerging that suggests bariatric surgery could be appropriate for those with a BMI of 35 to 40 with no comorbidities or a BMI of 30 to 35 with significant comorbidities.
Other articles related to "surgery, bariatric surgery":
... Cardiothoracic surgeons on staff perform open and minimally invasive surgery ... were enhanced in 2005 with the introduction of the Da Vinci robotic surgery system ... applications performed at McLaren include prostatectomies, cardiac procedures, gynecological surgery, bariatric surgery, hysterectomies, and some general surgical ...
... Sarwer is also actively involved in the Bariatric Surgery Program at Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania ... conducts behavioral and psychological evaluations of patients prior to surgery ... Sarwer was honored by the American Society for Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) with the 2012 Circle of Excellence Award ...
... Complications from weight loss surgery are frequent ... A study of insurance claims of 2522 who had undergone bariatric surgery showed 21.9% complications during the initial hospital stay and a total of 40 ... when the procedure is performed by an experienced surgeon, guidelines recommend that surgery be performed in dedicated or experienced units ...
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