Appendicitis

Appendicitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the appendix. It is classified as a medical emergency and many cases require removal of the inflamed appendix, either by laparotomy or laparoscopy. Untreated, mortality is high, mainly because of the risk of rupture leading to peritonitis and shock. Reginald Fitz first described acute and chronic appendicitis in 1886, and it has been recognized as one of the most common causes of severe acute abdominal pain worldwide. A correctly diagnosed non-acute form of appendicitis is known as "rumbling appendicitis".

The term "pseudoappendicitis" is used to describe a condition mimicking appendicitis. It can be associated with Yersinia enterocolitica.

Read more about Appendicitis:  Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Management, Prognosis, Epidemiology

Other articles related to "appendicitis":

Charles Mc Burney (surgeon) - Biography
... Here he did his most famous work on appendicitis, presenting his report on operative management to the New York Surgical Society in 1889 ... described the point of greatest tenderness in appendicitis, which is now known as McBurney's point ... He continued to advance the treatment of appendicitis, and in 1894 he described the incision that he used although the incision had previously been described by Louis L ...
Robert Tuttle Morris - The Fourth Era in Surgery
... get it completely out), he started to operate appendicitis with a new revolutionary method based upon the reduction of shock for the patient, making small incisions ... So he made a number of operations of the appendicitis using his own method, and then he was able to present in 1896 at the Academy of Medicine statistics of one hundred consecutive unselected appendicitis ... appreciated by other surgeons, for the appendicitis cases had at that time a high death rate ...
Appendectomy - Pregnancy
... If appendicitis develops in a pregnant woman, an appendectomy is usually performed and should not harm the fetus ... The risk of fetal death is 20% in perforated appendicitis ...
Rovsing's Sign
... Danish surgeon Niels Thorkild Rovsing, is a sign of appendicitis ... in the right lower quadrant, the patient is said to have a positive Rovsing's sign and may have appendicitis ... In acute appendicitis, palpation in the left iliac fossa may produce pain in the right iliac fossa ...
Appendicitis - Society and Culture - Cost
... of Internal Medicine analyzed 2009 data from nearly 20,000 adult patients treated for appendicitis in California hospitals ... only uncomplicated episodes of acute appendicitis” that involved “visits for patients 18 to 59 years old with hospitalization that lasted fewer than four days ...