Aceh

Aceh (/ˈɑːtʃeɪ/; ) is a special region (Indonesian: daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located at the northern end of Sumatra. It is close to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India and separated from them by the Andaman Sea. Aceh was first known as Aceh Darussalam (1511–1959) and then later as the Daerah Istimewa Aceh (1959–2001), Nanggroë Aceh Darussalam (2001–2009) and Aceh (2009–present). Past spellings of Aceh include Acheh, Atjeh and Achin. The province of Aceh has the highest proportion of Muslims in Indonesia, mainly living according to Sharia customs and laws.

Aceh is thought to have been the place where Islam was first established in Southeast Asia. In the early seventeenth century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region. Aceh has a history of political independence and fierce resistance to control by outsiders, including the former Dutch colonists and the Indonesian government. Aceh has substantial natural resources, including oil and natural gas—some estimates put Aceh gas reserves as being the largest in the world. Relative to most of Indonesia, it is a religiously conservative area.

Aceh was the closest point of land to the epicenter of the massive 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which triggered a tsunami that devastated much of the western coast of the province, including part of the capital of Banda Aceh. Approximately 170,000 Indonesians were killed or went missing in the disaster, and approximately 500,000 were left homeless. This event helped trigger the peace agreement between the government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), mediated by former Finnish president Martti Ahtisaari and his organization CMI, with the signing of a MoU on August 15, 2005. With the assistance of the European Union through the Aceh monitoring mission as of December 2005, the peace has held.

Read more about Aceh:  Administration, Economy of Aceh, Ethnic and Cultural Groups, Religion, Population Census, Conservation Efforts, Guerrilla Jungle Tracking

Other articles related to "aceh":

Tjoet Nja' Dhien - Historical Background
... Born to an aristocratic family in Aceh Besar in 1848, Dhien married Teuku Cek Ibrahim Lamnga at a young age ... separate attempts to repel the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army during the Second Aceh Expedition, Dhien swore revenge against the Dutch colonials ... and Dhien was captured on 4 November 1905 in Meulaboh, western Aceh ...
Likok Pulo
... Likok Pulo is one of many famous dances from Aceh ... It comes from Pulo Aceh in the Aceh Besar regency ...
Leuser Ecosystem - Recent History
... As a result of the peace agreement between the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and the central government of Indonesia, Aceh was awarded a significant level of autonomy ... Irwandi Yusuf, the current Governor of Aceh, established Badan Pengelola Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser (BPKEL) to govern the Leuser Ecosystem and coordinate wildlife management in Aceh ...
Coffee Production In Indonesia - Cultivation
... The HDT was planted in Aceh in 1979 ... The most common are S-288 and S-795, which are found in Lintong, Aceh, Flores and other areas ... Since then, they have been brought to Aceh as well ...
Aceh - Guerrilla Jungle Tracking
... guerrillas has organized 'Guerrilla Jungle Trekking' at Pucok Krueng, Aceh Besar regency which attracts many foreign tourists ...