Coordinates: 33°17′31″N 44°3′56″E / 33.29194°N 44.06556°E / 33.29194; 44.06556For the prison and the torture that occurred there, see Abu Ghraib prison and Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse. For a major series of paintings entitled Abu Ghraib (2005), see Fernando Botero. For the village in Iran, see Abu Gharib, Iran.
- Not to be confused with Abu Gorab
Arabic: مدينة أبو غريب
Abu Ghraib city
|— Town —|
|Coordinates: 33°19′50″N 44°2′41″E / 33.33056°N 44.04472°E / 33.33056; 44.04472|
The city of Abu Ghraib (Arabic: أبو غريب;Abū Ghurayb ) in the Baghdad Governorate of Iraq is located just west of Baghdad's city center, or northwest of Baghdad International Airport. It has a population of 189,000. The old road to Jordan passes through Abu Ghraib. The government of Iraq created the city and Abu Ghraib District in 1944.
The placename has been translated as "father of little crows" (in the sense of "place abundant in small crows"), but this translation has been suspected of being an "eggcorn", and the name may be related to gharb "west" instead, (see also etymology of the word Arab).
Abu Ghraib was known for the Abu Ghraib Infant Formula Plant, which Western intelligence agencies perennially claimed to be a biological weapons production facility. The plant was built in 1980 and painted with a dappled camouflage pattern during the Iran–Iraq War. It was bombed during the Gulf War, and the Iraqi government allowed CNN reporter Peter Arnett to film the destroyed building along with a conspicuous hand-painted sign that read, "baby milk factory". Iraq partially rebuilt the facility afterward, and US Secretary of State Colin Powell cited it again as a weapons production plant in the run-up to the Iraq War. An examination of suspected weapons facilities by the Iraq Survey Group later determined that the plant, in disuse for some time, housed discarded infant formula, but found no evidence of weapons production.
The city is also the site of Abu Ghraib prison, which was one of the sites where political dissidents were incarcerated under former ruler Saddam Hussein. Thousands of these dissidents were tortured and executed. After Saddam Hussein's fall, the Abu Ghraib prison was used by American forces in Iraq. In 2003, Abu Ghraib prison earned international notoriety for the torture and abuses by members of the United States Army Reserve during the post-invasion period.
Other articles related to "abu ghraib":
... Precise quotes of Abu Ghraib's pictures can be seen in Alfonso Cuarón's film Children of Men (2006) ... The documentary Ghosts of Abu Ghraib (2007), directed by Rory Kennedy, investigated the abuses ... Operating Procedure (2008), directed by Errol Morris, explores the Abu Ghraib events ...
... also notable for having predicted the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuses at least a year before they occurred in real life ... By May 2004, the abuses of prisoners in Abu Ghraib had become public knowledge, even iconic images ... Perhaps, however, we all knew subconsciously that Abu Ghraib was inevitable -it just took a librettist of Dic’s prescience to imagine it and set it down in drama.” ...
... Torture Central E-mails From Abu Ghraib is the title of the memoir of Michael Keller, a soldier stationed in Abu Ghraib, Iraq during 2005/2006 ... news media, including torture that continued at Abu Ghraib over a year after the abuse photos were published ...
... working to analyze the investigation of the Abu Ghraib prison scandal, which was widely revealed in May 2004 ...