Xiang Yu

Xiang Yu (232 BC – 202 BC) was a prominent military leader and political figure during the late Qin Dynasty.

Xiang Yu was a native of Xiaxiang (下相; present-day Suqian, Jiangsu). He was granted the title of "Duke of Lu" (魯公) by King Huai II of Chu in 208 BC. The following year, Xiang Yu led the Chu rebel forces to victory at the Battle of Julu against the Qin armies led by Zhang Han. After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, Xiang Yu proclaimed himself "Hegemon-King of Western Chu" (Chinese: 西楚霸王; pinyin: Xī Chǔ Bà Wáng) and ruled a vast area of land covering parts of present-day Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan and Jiangsu, with Pengcheng (present-day Xuzhou) as his capital. He engaged Liu Bang, founding emperor of the Han Dynasty, in a long struggle for power, known as the Chu–Han Contention, that concluded with his eventual defeat and suicide at the bank of the Wu River.

Read more about Xiang YuNames and Titles, Biography, Song of Gaixia, Evaluation, Cultural References

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Farewell My Concubine (play)
... The play tells the story of Xiang Yu, the self-styled "Hegemon-King of Western Chu" who battled for the unification of China with Liu Bang, the eventual founder ... In the play, Xiang Yu is surrounded by Liu Bang's forces and on the verge of total defeat, so he calls forth his horse and begs it to run away for the sake of its own safety ... calls for the company of his favorite concubine, Consort Yu ...
Song Yi (Qin Dynasty) - Biography
... Song Yi joined Xiang Liang's insurgent Chu kingdom around 209 BC, when rebellions broke out throughout China to overthrow the Qin Dynasty ... In 208 BC, Xiang Liang found Xiong Xin, a descendant of the royal family of Chu, and installed him on the throne of Chu as King Huai II ... After engaging Qin forces in various battles, Xiang Liang began to grow contemptuous of the enemy due to the small amount of resistance that he encountered ...
Battle Of Gaixia - Debates
... Liu Bang first signed a peace treaty with Xiang Yu, and then ambushed Xiang Yu when he was making his way back to Chu ... Han Xin had long wanted to defeat Xiang Yu in a decisive battle, as to prove that he was the better strategist ... Before the battle, Han Xin's Qi turned down Xiang Yu's offer of an alliance, probably for the same reason ...
Lu Wan - Biography
... After the fall of Qin in 206 BC, Liu Bang became "King of Han" when Xiang Yu divided the former Qin Empire into the Eighteen Kingdoms ... contention (a power struggle between Liu Bang and Xiang Yu), Lu Wan was promoted to the rank of a marshal and granted the title of "Marquis of Chang'an ... In 202 BC, Liu Bang emerged victorious over Xiang Yu and became Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty ...
Xiang Yu - Cultural References
... Xiang Yu's might and prowess in battle has been glorified in Chinese folk tales and poetry, especially in his final battle ... His romance with his concubine Consort Yu and his suicide have also added a touch of a tragic hero to his character ... Xiang Yu is also depicted as a ruthless leader, in sharp contrast to his rival, Liu Bang ...