Wind Quintet

A wind quintet, also sometimes known as a woodwind quintet, is a group of five wind players (most commonly flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon). The term also applies to a composition for such a group.

Unlike the string quartet with its homogeneous blend of color, the instruments in a wind quintet differ from each other considerably in technique, idiom, and timbre. The modern wind quintet sprang from the ensemble favored in the court of Joseph II in late 18th century Vienna: two oboes, two clarinets, two horns, and two bassoons (Suppan 2001). The influence of Haydn's chamber writing suggested similar possibilities for winds, and advancements in the building of these instruments in that period made them more useful in small ensemble settings, leading composers to attempt smaller combinations.

It was Anton Reicha's twenty-four quintets, begun in 1811, and the nine quintets of Franz Danzi that established the genre, and their pieces are still standards of the repertoire. Though the form fell out of favor in the latter half of the 19th century, there has been renewed interest in the form by leading composers in the 20th century, and today the wind quintet is a standard chamber ensemble, valued for its versatility and variety of tone color.

Read more about Wind QuintetWind Quintet Composers, Notable Wind-quintet Repertoire, Prominent Wind Quintets, Sources, Further Reading

Other articles related to "wind quintet, quintet, wind, winds":

Summer Music For Wind Quintet - Composition
... Summer Music showcases each instrument of the woodwind quintet for which it was composed, namely the flute, oboe, bassoon, clarinet, and the horn ... groups that have recorded Summer Music include Quintet of the Americas, the New York Wind Quintet, the Philharmonia Quintet, the Arioso Wind Quintet ... conducted by Leonard Slatkin, the Michael Thompson Wind Quintet, the Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet and Pentaèdre ...
Lubor Bárta - Selected Works
... (1959) Concerto No.2 for violin and orchestra (1969) Chamber music Divertimento for Wind Quintet (1949) String Quartet No ... cello and piano (1955) Piano Trio in C Major (1955) Wind Quintet No.1 (1956) String Quartet No.2 (1957) Sonata for clarinet and piano (1958) Sonatina for ...
Carl Nielsen - Music - Concertos
... was written for the flautist Holger Gilbert-Jespersen, a member of the Copenhagen Wind Quintet who had performed in Nielsen's Wind Quintet (1922) ... Clarinet Concerto was specifically written for a member of the Copenhagen Wind Quintet, namely the clarinetist Aage Oxenvad ...
Wind Quintet - Further Reading
... "The Story of the Soni Ventorum Wind Quintet" ... Wind Chamber Music for Two to Sixteen Winds An Annotated Guide ...
Carl Nielsen - Music - Chamber Music
... The Wind Quintet, one of his most popular pieces, was composed in 1922 specifically for the Copenhagen Wind Quintet ... Robert Simpson writes, "Nielsen’s fondness of wind instruments is closely related to his love of nature, his fascination for living, breathing things ... interested in human character, and in the Wind Quintet composed deliberately for five friends each part is cunningly made to suit the individuality of each player." ...

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