Wicked Priest

Wicked Priest (Hebrew: הכהן הרשע‎; Romanized Hebrew: ha-kōhēn hā-rāš'ā) is a sobriquet used in the Dead Sea scrolls pesharim, four times in the Habakkuk Commentary (1QpHab) and once in the Commentary on Psalm 37 (4QpPsa), to refer to an opponent of the "Teacher of Righteousness." The phrase is generally regarded as a pun on "High Priest" (הכהן הראש; ha-kōhēn hā-rōš) and identified with a Hasmonean (Maccabean) High Priest or Priests. However, his exact identification remains controversial, and has been called "one of the knottiest problems connected with the Dead Sea Scrolls."

The most commonly argued-for single candidate is Jonathan Maccabaeus, followed by Simon Maccabaeus; the widespread acceptance of this view, despite its acknowledged weaknesses, has been dubbed the "Jonathan consensus." More recently, some scholars have argued that the sobriquet does not refer to only one individual. Most notably the "Groningen Hypothesis" advanced by García Martinez and van der Woude, argues for a series of six Wicked Priests.

Read more about Wicked Priest:  Background, Text, Description, Other Possible References, Proposed Identifications, Notes

Other articles related to "wicked priest, wicked, priest":

Habakkuk Commentary - Description - Contents
... Among the Teacher's opponents were the Wicked Priest and the Man of the Lie ... The Wicked Priest is portrayed as a false religious leader who was at one point trusted by the Teacher ... Towards the end of the pesher, the Wicked Priest is reported to have been captured and tortured by his enemies ...
Wicked Priest - Notes
... thus pushing the first reference to the Wicked Priest to col. 1QpHab 5.8-12 interprets "wicked one" as the Liar, rather than the Wicked Priest ^ β Some scholars question whether the Wicked Priest was a High Priest or ...

Famous quotes containing the words priest and/or wicked:

    In my dreams is a country where the State is the Church and the Church the people: three in one and one in three. It is a commonwealth in which work is play and play is life: three in one and one in three. It is a temple in which the priest is the worshiper and the worshiper the worshipped: three in one and one in three. It is a godhead in which all life is human and all humanity divine: three in one and one in three.
    George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950)

    Just as the performance of the vilest and most wicked deeds requires spirit and talent, so even the greatest demand a certain insensitivity which under other circumstances we would call stupidity.
    —G.C. (Georg Christoph)