Who is Croesus?

  • (noun): A very wealthy man.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Croesus ( /ˈkriːsəs/ KREE-səs; Ancient Greek: Κροῖσος, Kroisos; 595 BC – c. 547? BC) was the king of Lydia from 560 to 547 BC until his defeat by the Persians. The fall of Croesus made a profound impact on the Hellenes, providing a fixed point in their calendar. "By the fifth century at least," J.A.S. Evans remarked, "Croesus had become a figure of myth, who stood outside the conventional restraints of chronology." Croesus was renowned for his wealth—Herodotus and Pausanias noted his gifts preserved at Delphi.

Read more about Croesus.

Some articles on Croesus:

Histories (Herodotus) - Storyline - Book I (Clio)
... Turkey) Candaules, Gyges, Sadyattes, Alyattes, Croesus (1.6–7) How Gyges took the kingdom from Candaules (1.8–13) The singer Arion's ride on the dolphin (1.23–24 ...
Karun Treasure
... Yet another term used for the collection is "Croesus Treasure" ... Although the artifacts are closely contemporary to Croesus, whether they should be directly associated with the legendary Lydian king or not remains debatable ... Croesus' wealth had repercussions on a number of Asian cultures in a vein similar to his fame in the western cultures, and is referred to either as Qarun (Arabic) or Karun (Turkish), with the mythical ...
Croesus - Interview With Solon
... The episode of Croesus' interview with Solon reported by Herodotus is in the nature of a philosophical disquisition on the subject "Which man is happy?" It is legendary rather than historical ... Croesus, secure in his own wealth and happiness, poses the question and is disappointed by Solon's response that three have been happier than Croesus, Tellus, who died fighting for his country, and Kleobis and ... Croesus' hubristic happiness was reversed by the tragic deaths of his accidentally-killed son and, in Critias, his wife's suicide at the fall of Sardis ...
Alcmaeon, Son Of Megacles
... respect to the followers of Cylon, was invited by Croesus, king of Lydia, to Sardis in consequence of the services he had rendered to an embassy sent by Croesus to consult the Delphic oracle ... On his arrival at Sardis, Croesus made him a present of so much gold that he couldn't carry it all out of the treasury ... Croesus laughed at the trick, and presented him with as much again ...
Croesus (opera) - Synopsis
... Croesus, King of Lydia, is rich and hedonistic, and is insulted when the philosopher Solon tells him that riches do not necessarily bring happiness ... Elmira, who, with her mother, the former Queen of Media, has been rescued by Croesus after their country has been conquered by Cyrus, is in love with Atis and he with her ... Cyrus, keen to expand his empire further, declares war on Croesus, so the latter, with Atis, Halimacus, Elcius and the army depart from Sardis to take on the invader ...

More definitions of "Croesus":

  • (noun): Last king of Lydia (died in 546 BC).