What is Torah?

  • (noun): The first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit.
    Synonyms: Pentateuch, Laws
    See also — Additional definitions below


The Torah (/ˈtɔːrə/; Hebrew: תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching") is the Jewish name for the first five books of the Jewish Bible. In Hebrew the five books are named by the first phrase in the text: Bereshit ("In beginning", Genesis), Shemot ("Names", Exodus), Vayikra ("He called", Leviticus), Bamidbar ("In the desert", Numbers) and Devarim ("Words", Deuteronomy).

Read more about Torah.

Some articles on Torah:

Gilgulim - Kabbalistic Descent and Ascent in History - Descent of The Generations in Halachic Scholarship
... from the original Revelation of the Torah on Mount Sinai ... authorities, since to reach them, the chain of Torah transmission is longer and more vulnerable to mistaken recollection ... This applies until the Oral Torah was written down in the Talmud, where the Amoraim Sages of the Gemara commentary do not disagree with the earlier Tannaim Sages of the Mishna ...
Takkanah - Introduction
... Takkanot, in general, do not affect or restrict observance of Torah mitzvot ... the Jewish sages had the authority to "uproot matters from the Torah" in certain cases ... Rabbis may rule that a Torah mitzvah should not be performed, e.g ...
Shamas - Duties
... The gabbai is responsible for calling congregants up to the Torah in some synagogues, the gabbai stands next to the Torah reader, holding a version of the text with ...
Michel Yehuda Lefkowitz
... Michel Yehuda Lefkowitz (1913 – 27 June 2011) was a respected Haredi Lithuanian Torah leader and rosh yeshiva in Bnei Brak, Israel, for over 70 years ... and played a leading role in the fight for Torah-true education in yeshivas and Talmud Torahs in Israel ... In addition to his own Torah works, he published the teachings of his rebbi, Rabbi Shlomo Heiman, in the two-volume Chiddushei Shlomo ...
Torah - In Other Religions
... its Old Testament, Islam believes that only the original Torah was sent by the One true God ... Christian denominations have slightly different versions of the Old Testament in their Bibles, the Torah as the "Five Books of Moses" (or "the Mosaic Law") is common among them all ... And He sent down the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)." Muslims call the Torah the Tawrat and consider it the word of God given to Moses ...

More definitions of "Torah":

  • (noun): The whole body of the Jewish sacred writings and tradition including the oral tradition.
  • (noun): (Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written; is used in a synagogue during services.