What is Taiwan?

  • (noun): An island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea.
    Synonyms: Formosa
    See also — Additional definitions below


Taiwan i/ˈtaɪˈwɑːn/ TY-WAHN (Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān; see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa), which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the political capital as well as economic and cultural centre in Taiwan. New Taipei is the most populous city.

Read more about Taiwan.

Some articles on Taiwan:

Chinese Name - Variations - Taiwan
... Han family names on Taiwan are similar to those in southeast China, as most families trace their origins to places such as Fujian and Guangdong ... The popularity distribution of family names in Taiwan as a whole differs somewhat from the distribution of names among all Han Chinese, with the family name Chen (陳) being particularly more common (about ... Given names that consist of one character are much less common on Taiwan than on the mainland ...
List Of Railway Companies - Asia - Taiwan (Republic of China)
... Taiwan Railway Administration Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation Taipei Metro Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit ...
Matsu Islands - History
... In contrast to Taiwan and Penghu, the Matsu Islands were not ceded to the Empire of Japan via the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki ... After the Kuomintang (KMT) retreated to Taiwan in 1949, the ROC retained the part of Lienchiang County offshore (and the entire Kinmen County as well) ... forces if necessary to protect Taiwan from invasion by China, the mainland, which the U.S ...
National Taiwan Normal University
... National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU or Shīdà 師大) is an institution of higher education and normal school operating on three campuses in ... NTNU is widely recognized as one of Taiwan's elite institutions of higher education ...
Taiwan - Culture - Calendar
... See also Chinese calendar and Public holidays in Taiwan Taiwan uses two official calendars the Gregorian calendar, and the Minguo calendar ... The use of two different calendar systems in Taiwan may be confusing, in particular for foreigners ... Taiwan also uses the lunar calendar for traditional festivals such as the Chinese New Year, the Lantern Festival, and the Dragon Boat Festival ...

More definitions of "Taiwan":

  • (noun): A government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong.
    Synonyms: China, Nationalist China, Republic of China