What is sonata?

  • (noun): A musical composition of 3 or 4 movements of contrasting forms.

Sonata

Sonata ( /səˈnɑːtə/; Italian:, pl. sonate; from Latin and Italian: sonare, "to sound"), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to a cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, "to sing"), a piece sung. The term, being vague, naturally evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms prior to the Classical era. The term took on increasing importance in the Classical period, and by the early 19th century the word came to represent a principle of composing large scale works. It was applied to most instrumental genres and regarded alongside the fugue as one of two fundamental methods of organizing, interpreting and analyzing concert music. Though the musical style of sonatas has changed since the Classical Era, most 20th- and 21st- century sonatas still maintain the same structure.

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Some articles on sonata:

Piano Sonata In A Minor, D. 845 (Schubert)
... The Piano Sonata No. 42) by Franz Schubert is a sonata for solo piano, composed in May 1825 ... The sonata is in four movements I ...
Famous Sonatas - 20th Century (including Contemporary) (ca 1910–2012)
... Samuel Barber Cello Sonata Op. 6 Piano Sonata Op. 26 (1949) Jean Barraqué Piano Sonata (1950–52) Béla Bartók Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion Sonata for Piano (1926) Sonata for Solo Violin Sonata No ...
Piano Sonata In E-flat Major, D. 568 (Schubert)
... The Piano Sonata No. 568) in E-flat major by Franz Schubert is a sonata for solo piano composed in 1817, and published in 1829 after Schubert's death as Op ... The sonata has four movements Allegro moderato E-flat major Andante molto G minor Menuetto E-flat major (and A-flat major in the "trio") Allegro moderato E-flat major ...
Jeremy Denk - Recordings
... including Books I and II of György Ligeti's piano etudes and Beethoven's Piano Sonata No ... January 2012 French Impressions, including sonatas of Franck, Ravel, and Saint-Saens with violinist Joshua Bell, Sony Classical ... Ives, which features Charles Ives' Piano Sonatas Nos ...
Piano Sonata No. 8 (Prokofiev)
... Sergei Prokofiev's Piano Sonata No. 84 (1944) is a sonata for solo piano, the third of the Three War Sonatas ... The sonata was first performed on December 30, 1944 in Moscow by Emil Gilels ...