What is infinitive?

  • (noun): The uninflected form of the verb.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Infinitive is a grammatical term used to refer to certain verb forms that exist in many languages. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. In traditional descriptions of English, the infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb when used non-finitely, with or without the particle to. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like I must go there (but not in I go there). The latter is called the bare infinitive, the former the full infinitive or to-infinitive. In many other languages the infinitive is a single word, often with a characteristic inflective ending, such as manger ("(to) eat") in French, portare ("(to) carry") in Latin, lieben ("(to) love") in German, etc.

Read more about Infinitive.

Some articles on infinitive:

Middle High German Verbs - Verb Forms - Gerund
... Also called the inflected infinitive, the gerund is a verbal noun ... The former is created by adding "-(n)e" to the infinitive, the latter by adding "-(n)es" to the infinitive "gëben(n)e/gëben(n)es", "sëhen(n)e/sëhen(n)es", and "tuon(n)e ... A verbal noun in the nominative case is identical to the infinitive form ...
Middle High German Verbs - Verb Forms - Infinitive
... In Middle High German the infinitive usually ends in "-en" or simply "-n" ... The stem of the infinitive is the basic form from which all other verb forms are derived ... taking the "-(e)n" ending off of the infinitive ...
Translation To Languages Without An Infinitive
... In languages without an infinitive, the infinitive is translated either as a that-clause or as a verbal noun ... Even in languages that have infinitives, similar constructions are sometimes necessary where English would allow the infinitive ... However, "I want to come" is simply Je veux venir, using the infinitive, just as in English ...
Somali Grammar - Morphology - Verbs - Infinitive and Verbal Nouns
... The infinitive is created through the suffix -i or -n depending on verb class, e.g ... The infinitive is used in present tense only with the modal verb karid (to be able) ...
Czech Conjugation - Infinitive
... The infinitive is formed by the ending -t, formerly also -ti on some words -ct (-ci) být - to be, jít - to go, péct - to bake Somewhat archaically býti - to be, jíti - to go, péci - to bake ...

More definitions of "infinitive":

  • (adj): Not having inflections to indicate tense.
  • (adj): Formed with the infinitive.
    Example: "An infinitive phrase"