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Typewritten - History - Electric Designs - IBM Selectric
... IBM and Remington Rand electric typewriters were the leading models until IBM introduced the IBM Selectric typewriter in 1961, which replaced the typebars with a spherical element (or typeball) slightly smaller ... The Selectric used a system of latches, metal tapes, and pulleys driven by an electric motor to rotate the ball into the correct position and then strike it ... The IBM Selectric became a commercial success, dominating the office typewriter market for at least two decades ...
Word Processor - History
... The term word processing was invented by IBM in the late 1960s ... introduced W/P about five years ago for its Magnetic Tape Selectric Typewriter and other electronic razzle-dazzle." IBM defined the term in a broad and vague way as ... tape or magnetic cards for retyping, corrections, and subsequent printout." In the early 1970s IBM provided a program for generating printed documents on a mainframe computer, called ...