In electronics, gain is a measure of the ability of a circuit (often an amplifier) to increase the power or amplitude of a signal from the input to the output. It is usually defined as the mean ratio of the signal output of a system to the signal input of the same system. It may also be defined on a logarithmic scale, in terms of the decimal logarithm of the same ratio ("dB gain"). A gain greater than one (zero dB), that is, amplification, is the defining property of an active component or circuit, while a passive circuit will have a gain of less than one.
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Some articles on gain:
... of a horn is roughly equal to its gain ... The gain G of a pyramidal horn antenna (the ratio of the radiated power intensity along its beam axis to the intensity of an isotropic antenna with the same input power) is For conical horns, the gain is where A is ...
... An example of a non-unity-gain bandpass filter implemented with a VCVS filter is shown in Figure 5 ... a different topology and an operational amplifier configured to provide non-unity-gain, it can be analyzed using similar methods as with the generic Sallen–Key topology ... is given by The voltage divider in the negative feedback loop controls the gain ...
... What is its voltage and power gain? A ... Voltage gain is simply The units V/V are optional, but make it clear that this figure is a voltage gain and not a power gain ... Using the expression for power, P = V2/R, the power gain is Again, the units W/W are optional ...
More definitions of "gain":
- (verb): Win something through one's efforts.
Example: "Gain an understanding of international finance"
Synonyms: acquire, win
- (noun): A quantity that is added.
Example: "They recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"
Synonyms: addition, increase
- (noun): The advantageous quality of being beneficial.
- (verb): Earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages.
Synonyms: take in, clear, make, earn, realize, realise, pull in, bring in
- (verb): Increase (one's body weight).
Synonyms: put on
- (verb): Obtain.
- (verb): Rise in rate or price.
- (verb): Obtain advantages, such as points, etc..
Synonyms: advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground
- (noun): The amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating.
- (noun): The amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input.
Famous quotes containing the word gain:
“Beauty for some provides escape,
Who gain a happiness in eyeing
The gorgeous buttocks of the ape
Or Autumn sunsets exquisitely dying.”
—Aldous Huxley (18941963)
“When you sympathize with a married woman you either make two enemies or gain one wife and one friend.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)
“Even a purely moral act that has no hope of any immediate and visible political effect can gradually and indirectly, over time, gain in political significance.”
—Václav Havel (b. 1936)