What is cosmology?

  • (noun): The branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe.
    Synonyms: cosmogony, cosmogeny
    See also — Additional definitions below

Cosmology

There are two very different senses in which the term cosmology is used. Physical cosmology is the scholarly and academic study that seeks to understand the origin, evolution, structure, and ultimate fate of the universe at large, as well as the natural laws that keep it in order. The subject matter of this field is studied using scholarly methodology, including the scientific method and reason. It is studied by scientists, such as astronomers, and theoretical physicists; and academic philosophers, such as metaphysicians, philosophers of physics, and philosophers of space and time. Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which attempts to bring together observational astronomy and particle physics. In contrast, religious cosmology (or mythological cosmology) is the study in the humanities, of the historical, mythological, religious, and esoteric literature and theories about eschatology (i.e. the end of the world), including such theories, as for instance apocalypticism.

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Some articles on cosmology:

Barrens Of Doom And Despair
... is one of a number of Outer Planes that form part of the cosmology retroactively introduced in the third edition of the Forgotten Realms campaign setting ... In the revised cosmology, the Barrens of Doom and Despair strongly resemble the Gray Waste of Hades present in earlier editions of the setting, and still present in the orthodox D D cosmology ...
Cosmology@Home - Method
... Cosmology@Home uses an innovative way of using machine learning to effectively parallelize a large computational task that involves many inherently sequential calculations over an extremely large ... For any given class of theoretically possible models of the Universe, Cosmology@Home generates tens of thousands of example Universes and packages the cosmological parameters ... is then sent back and archived at the Cosmology@Home server ...
Society And Culture Of The Han Dynasty - Religion, Cosmology, and Metaphysics - Religious Societies and Rebel Movements
... The widespread Yellow Turban Rebellion also occurred in 184 CE, its leaders claiming that they were destined to bring about a utopian era of peace ... Like the Five Pecks of Rice society, the Yellow Turbans of the Huai and Yellow River valleys also believed that illness was a sign of wrongdoing that necessitated confession to church leaders and faith healers ...
Religious and Mythological Cosmology
... See also Religious cosmology Religious and mythological cosmology deals with the world as the totality of space, time and all phenomena ... It is distinguished from religious cosmology in that it approaches these questions using philosophical methods (e.g ... Modern metaphysical cosmology tries to address questions such as What is the origin of the Universe? What is its first cause? Is its existence necessary? (see monism, pantheism, emanationism ...
Cantong Qi - Cosmology
... Qian is the active ("creative") principle, essence, Yang, and Heaven Kun is the passive ("receptive") principle, substance, Yin, and Earth ... Being permanently joined to one another in the precosmic domain, Qian entrusts its creative power to Kun, and Kun brings creation to accomplishment ...

More definitions of "cosmology":

  • (noun): The metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe.