What is Constantinople?

  • (noun): The largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
    Synonyms: Istanbul, Stambul, Stamboul


Constantinople (Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Κωνσταντινούπολη - Konstantinoúpolis, Konstantinoúpoli; Latin: Constantinopolis; Ottoman Turkish: قسطنطینیه, Kostantiniyye; and modern Turkish: İstanbul) was the capital city of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Latin and the Ottoman Empire. It was founded in AD 330, at ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Constantine the Great, after whom it was named. In the 1100s, the city was the largest and wealthiest European city of the Middle Ages, its only other European rival in the period being Cordova, Spain (900-1100 AD). Eventually, the empire of Christian Eastern Orthdoxy in the east was reduced to just the capital and its environs, falling to the Muslims in the historic battle of 1453.

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Some articles on Constantinople:

Constantinople - Importance - Popularity
... Constantinople appears as a city of wondrous majesty, beauty, remoteness, and nostalgia in William Butler Yeats' 1928 poem "Sailing to Byzantium" ... Constantinople, as seen under the Byzantine emperor Theodosius II, makes several on-screen appearances in the television miniseries "Attila" as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire ... Graves set much of the novel in the Constantinople of Justinian I ...
Delcus - History
... southern bank of Lake Derkos, the waters of which are brought to Constantinople by an aqueduct ... Holy Synod by the Patriarch Michael with having ordained a bishop native of Constantinople and before the canonical age (ibid. 213) he was perhaps the John who was present in 1166 at the council of Constantinople, known as "Pater major me est" ...
... baili / bailos is plural) was a diplomat who oversaw the affairs of the Venetians in Constantinople, and was a permanent fixture in Constantinople around 1454 ... In Constantinople the bailo worked to solve any misunderstandings between the Ottomans and Venetians ... position and the replacement dying before reaching Constantinople ...
Battle Of Versinikia - Aftermath
... He immediately took hasty precautions for the defense of Constantinople because he expected a Bulgarian assault ... On 17 July 813 Krum himself reached the walls of Constantinople and set his camp without hindrance ... Within the sight of the citizens of Constantinople, Krum who was also the high priest made a sacrifice to the Bulgar god Tangra, performed some pagan rituals, then the ...
Patriarch Philotheus I Of Constantinople - Patriarchate
... In 1354, Philotheus was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople by John VI ... Ottoman Empire gained a foothold in Europe, at Gallipoli, threatening Constantinople from a new side ... anew, John V appealed to the West for help in defending Constantinople against the Turks, proposing, in return, to end the East–West Schism between ...