What is castle?

  • (noun): (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard.
    Synonyms: rook
    See also — Additional definitions below


A castle (from Latin castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace.

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Some articles on castle:

Johann Weikhard Von Valvasor - Biography
... Rauber, who did not only live at their Medija Castle in Izlake but also had a town residence in Ljubljana at the Old Square ... Konrad Ruess von Ruessenstein from the Strmol Castle and Regina Dorothea Rasp from the Krumperk Castle ... marrying Anna Rosina Grafenweger in 1672, Valvasor acquired the Bogenšperk Castle near Litija, where he arranged a writing, drawing and printing workshop ...
Castle - Warfare
... See also Siege and Medieval warfare As a static structure, castles could often be avoided ... Garrisons were expensive and as a result often small unless the castle was important ... Cost also meant that in peace time garrisons were smaller, and small castles were manned by perhaps a couple of watchmen and gate-guards ...
Oda Clan - History - Nobunaga's Reign
... Nobuhide took Nagoya Castle in 1525 (it was given to Nobunaga in 1542), and built Furuwatari Castle ... Oda Nobutomo held Kiyosu Castle, but he was besieged and killed in 1555 by his nephew Oda Nobunaga who operated from Nagoya Castle ...
Kendal - Places of Interest
... Castle Howe, Kendal’s undisputed first castle, lies on the hill side overlooking the town ... The earthwork remains are sandwiched between Gillinggate and Beast Banks Kendal Castle, to the east of the earthworks, probably built while Castle ...
Gemert-Bakel - Castle
... In the centre of Gemert stands a castle of which the oldest parts date back to the Late Middle Ages, although it has been rebuilt a couple of times ... It was founded by German knights who lived in the castle for several hundred years, however these days it is occupied by monks and nuns ... The predecessor of this castle was a motte-and-bailey located further to the west and was discovered in 1995 ...

More definitions of "castle":

  • (noun): Interchanging the positions of the king and a rook.
    Synonyms: castling
  • (verb): Move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king.
  • (noun): A large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack.
  • (noun): A large and stately mansion.
    Synonyms: palace

Famous quotes containing the word castle:

    He that is born to be hanged shall never be drowned.
    14th-century French proverb, first recorded in English in A. Barclay, Gringore’s Castle of Labour (1506)

    This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air
    Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself
    Unto our gentle senses.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)

    If, in looking at the lives of princes, courtiers, men of rank and fashion, we must perforce depict them as idle, profligate, and criminal, we must make allowances for the rich men’s failings, and recollect that we, too, were very likely indolent and voluptuous, had we no motive for work, a mortal’s natural taste for pleasure, and the daily temptation of a large income. What could a great peer, with a great castle and park, and a great fortune, do but be splendid and idle?
    William Makepeace Thackeray (1811–1863)