What is analogy?

  • (noun): An inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Analogy (from Greek ἀναλογία, analogia, "proportion") is a cognitive process of transferring information or meaning from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is an inference or an argument from one particular to another particular, as opposed to deduction, induction, and abduction, where at least one of the premises or the conclusion is general. The word analogy can also refer to the relation between the source and the target themselves, which is often, though not necessarily, a similarity, as in the biological notion of analogy.

Read more about Analogy.

Some articles on analogy:

Conversation Theory - Topics - Conversation
... formalized and non-experimentally based "representations of knowledge" Lastly a formal analogy is shown where the derivations of the concept triples are indicated ... The diamond shape denotes analogy and can exist between any three topics because of the shared meanings and differences ... The relation of one topic to another by an analogy can also be seen as a restriction on a mapping and a distinction to produce the second topic or concept ...
Analogy - Applications and Types - In Teaching Strategies
... Teaching the process of thinking by analogy is one of the main themes of The Private Eye Project ...
Computational Creativity - Linguistic Creativity - Analogy
... views analogy as a structure-preserving process this view has been implemented in the structure mapping engine or SME, the MAC/FAC retrieval engine (Many Are Called, Few ... Analogy is a very active sub-area of creative computation and creative cognition active figures in this sub-area include Douglas Hofstadter, Paul Thagard, and Keith Holyoak ... here is Peter Turney and Michael Littman's machine learning approach to the solving of SAT-style analogy problems their approach achieves a score that compares well ...
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning - Critical Response
... the word "beat" rather than "spun" in the analogy of beaten gold, while Ian Ousby uses the compass metaphor as an example of Donne's skill at weaving conceits "sometim ... The analogy of beaten gold was heavily criticised by T ... this is incorrect—that Donne had a consistent philosophy, and that the analogy of beaten gold can be traced to the writings of Tertullian, one of Donne's ...
Analogy (album)
... Analogy is the first studio album by the band Analogy ... The album was reissued in 2004 on Akarma Records ...

More definitions of "analogy":

  • (noun): The religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate.
    Synonyms: doctrine of analogy
  • (noun): Drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect.
    Example: "The operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"

Famous quotes containing the word analogy:

    The whole of natural theology ... resolves itself into one simple, though somewhat ambiguous proposition, That the cause or causes of order in the universe probably bear some remote analogy to human intelligence.
    David Hume (1711–1776)

    The analogy between the mind and a computer fails for many reasons. The brain is constructed by principles that assure diversity and degeneracy. Unlike a computer, it has no replicative memory. It is historical and value driven. It forms categories by internal criteria and by constraints acting at many scales, not by means of a syntactically constructed program. The world with which the brain interacts is not unequivocally made up of classical categories.
    Gerald M. Edelman (b. 1928)