What are papyrus?


Papyrus ( /pəˈpaɪrəs/) is a thick paper-like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First Dynasty), but it was also used throughout the Mediterranean region. Ancient Egyptians used this plant as a writing material and for boats, mattresses, mats, rope, sandals, and baskets. Chemically, papyrus is composed of 57% cellulose, 27% lignin, 9% minerals, and 7% water.

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Some articles on papyrus:

Anthony Charles Harris
... His collection included The Great Harris Papyrus, also known as Papyrus Harris I, mostly lists of temple endowments by Ramses III, but also some historical ...
Amherst Papyrus
... The ancient Egyptian document Amherst Papyrus, now known as the Leopold II and Amherst Papyrus, is part of the original court records dealing with the tomb ...
Papyrus - Collections of Papyri
... — housed in the Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection ... biblical manuscripts in Greek and Coptic, Dead Sea Scrolls, classical documents Michigan Papyrus Collection — this collection contains above 10 000 ... Yale Papyrus Collection — numbers over six thousand inventoried items and is cataloged, digitally scanned, and accessible online for close study ...
Strasbourg Papyrus
... The Strasbourg papyrus is a papyrus made of six fragments on a single leaf written in Greek and conserved at the Strasbourg National University Library, cataloged Gr ... The Strasbourg papyrus contains an ancient Christian prayer, probably an Anaphora, similar to the first part of the Alexandrine Anaphora of Saint Mark (later known also as ... The Papyrus was probably written in the fourth or fifth century, but it may present an older text, resulting to be one of the older Eucharistic ...
List Of Ancient Egyptian Papyri
... refers to the most important text on the papyrus ... later O - about Neferirkare Kakai Moscow Mathematical Papyrus 21st S - Mathematical problems and solutions Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Moscow Russia Berlin Papyrus 21st or later S ... Berlin 6619 Berlin Germany Westcar Papyrus 20th L - Tales of Magic Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin P ...

More definitions of "papyrus":

  • (noun): A document written on papyrus.
  • (noun): Paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat; used by ancient Egyptians and Greeks and Romans.

Famous quotes containing the word papyrus:

    When she could hide him no longer she got a papyrus basket for him, and plastered it with bitumen and pitch; she put the child in it and placed it among the reeds on the bank of the river.
    Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 2:3.