Warwick Castle (i/ˈwɒrɪk/ WORR-ik) is a medieval castle in Warwick, the county town of Warwickshire, England. It sits on a bend on the River Avon. The castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1068 within or adjacent to the Anglo-Saxon burh of Warwick. It was used as a fortification until the early 17th century, when Sir Fulke Greville converted it to a country house. It was owned by the Greville family, who became earls of Warwick in 1759, until 1978.
From 1088, the castle traditionally belonged to the Earl of Warwick, and it served as a symbol of his power. The castle was taken in 1153 by Henry of Anjou, later Henry II. It has been used to hold prisoners, including some from the Battle of Poitiers in the 14th century. Under the ownership of Richard Neville – also known as "Warwick the Kingmaker" – Warwick Castle was used in the 15th century to imprison the English king, Edward IV.
Since its construction in the 11th century, the castle has undergone structural changes with additions of towers and redesigned residential buildings. Originally a wooden motte-and-bailey, it was rebuilt in stone in the 12th century. During the Hundred Years War, the facade opposite the town was refortified, resulting in one of the most recognisable examples of 14th century military architecture.
In the 17th century the grounds were turned into a garden. The castle's defences were enhanced in the 1640s to prepare the castle for action in the English Civil War. Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, was a Parliamentarian, and Royalist forces laid siege to the castle. Warwick Castle withstood the siege and was later used to hold prisoners taken by the Parliamentarians. The Tussauds Group purchased Warwick Castle in 1978 and opened it as a tourist attraction. It is protected as a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.
Other articles related to "warwick castle, warwick, castle":
... The Mill Garden is a private garden adjacent to Warwick Castle measuring half an acre open to the public and situated on the bank of the River Avon in Warwick, Warwickshire, England ... Its informal planting to highlight picturesque river views (and views of Warwick Castle in whose shadow it stands) has made this garden renowned among the United Kingdom's ... The stone bridge visible from the garden once carried most of the traffic to Warwick over the River Avon but the bridge now lies in ruins ...
... Formal gardens belonging to Warwick Castle were first recorded in 1534 ... the 17th century added spiral paths to the castle motte during Fulke Greville's programme of restoration ... commissioned Lancelot Brown to relandscape the castle grounds he began working on the grounds and park in 1749 and had completed his work by 1757, having ...
Famous quotes containing the word castle:
“Let me be at the place of the castle.
Let the castle be within me.”
—Denise Levertov (b. 1923)