Vlach ( /ˈvlɑːk/ or /ˈvlæk/) is a blanket term covering several modern Latin peoples descending from the Latinised population in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. English variations on the name include: Wallachians, Walla, Wlachs, Wallachs, Vlahs, Olahs or Ulahs. Groups that have historically been called Vlachs include: modern-day Romanians or Daco-Romanians, Aromanians or Macedo-Romanians, Morlachs, Megleno-Romanians and Istro-Romanians. Since the creation of the Romanian state, the term in English has mostly been used for those living outside Romania.

The Vlachs, who would develop into the modern Romanian ethnicity, did not become easy identifiable before the High Middle Ages in Kedrenos (11th century), and their prehistory during the Migration period is considered by some historians matter of scholarly speculation but according to the linguists and to many scholars, the existence of the present Eastern Romance languages proves the survival of the Thraco-Romans in the low-Danube basin during the Migration period and the Vlachs are all being well considered descendants of Romanised peoples of the area (incl. Thracians, Dacians and Illyrians).

The term Vlach is originally an exonym. All the Vlach groups used various words derived from romanus to refer to themselves: Români, Rumâni, Rumâri, Aromâni, Arumâni etc. (Note: the Megleno-Romanians nowadays call themselves "Vlaşi", but historically called themselves "Rămâni"; the Istro-Romanians also have adopted the names Vlaşi, but still use Rumâni and Rumâri to refer to themselves).

The Vlach languages, also called the Eastern Romance languages, have a common origin from the Proto-Romanian language. Over the centuries, the Vlachs split into various Vlach groups (see Romania in the Dark Ages) and mixed with neighbouring populations: South Slavs, Greeks, Albanians, Bulgars, and others.

Almost all modern nations in Central and Southeastern Europe have native Vlach minorities: Hungary, Ukraine, Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria. In other countries, the native Vlach population have been completely assimilated by the Slavic population and therefore ceased to exist: Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bosnia and Montenegro. Only in Romania and the Republic of Moldova does the Vlach (Daco-Romanian or Romanian proper) population comprise an ethnic majority today.

Read more about Vlachs:  Etymology, Word Usage, History, People, Culture, Religion

Other articles related to "vlachs, vlach":

Eastern Romance People - Culture
... Many Vlachs in mediaeval times were shepherds who drove their sheep through the mountains of south-eastern Europe ... The Vlach shepherds reached as far as southern Poland and Moravia in the north by following the Carpathian range, the Dinaric Alps in the west, the Pindus mountains in the south, and the ... In many of these areas, the descendants of the Vlachs have lost their language, but their legacy still exists in cultural influences, customs, folklore, the way of life of the mountain people and ...
Ethnic Groups In Vojvodina - Vlachs
... Vlachs – 101 persons have been counted as Vlachs on the 2002-census ... They speak Vlach/Romanian ...
List Of Settlements In Serbia Inhabited By Vlachs - Number of Vlachs (Romanians) in Serbia By Municipality (2002)
... Official numbers of Romanians who declared Vlachs (2002 census) Bor District Bor - 10,064 (18.03%) declared Vlachs Kladovo - 568 (2.41%) declared Vlachs Majdanpek - 2,81 ...
Ano Poroia - History
... The population was composed of Bulgarians, Vlachs and Turks ... a village, and had 320 households with 1,000 Bulgarians and 60 Vlachs ... At first both Bulgarians and Vlachs heard the same liturgy and they belonged to a unified church that was serving in Greek ...
Vlachs - Religion
... The religion of the Vlachs is predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity, but there are some regions where they are Catholics and Protestants (mainly in Transylvania) and a few are even ...