Vegetable Fats - Particular Oils

Particular Oils

For a more comprehensive list, see List of vegetable oils.

The following triglyceride vegetable oils account for almost all worldwide production, by volume. All are used as both cooking oils and as SVO or to make biodiesel. According to the USDA, the total world consumption of major vegetable oils in 2007/08 was:

Oil source World consumption
(million metric tons)
Palm 41.31 The most widely produced tropical oil, also used to make biofuel
Soybean 41.28 Accounts for about half of worldwide edible oil production
Rapeseed 18.24 One of the most widely used cooking oils, canola is a variety (cultivar) of rapeseed
Sunflower seed 9.91 A common cooking oil, also used to make biodiesel
Peanut 4.82 Mild-flavored cooking oil
Cottonseed 4.99 A major food oil, often used in industrial food processing
Palm kernel 4.85 From the seed of the African palm tree
Coconut 3.48 Used in soaps and cooking
Olive 2.84 Used in cooking, cosmetics, soaps and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps

Note that these figures include industrial and animal feed use. The majority of European rapeseed oil production is used to produce biodiesel, or used directly as fuel in diesel cars which may require modification to heat the oil to reduce its higher viscosity. The suitability of the fuel should come as little surprise, as Rudolf Diesel originally designed his engine to run on peanut oil.

Other significant triglyceride oils include:

  • Corn oil, one of the most common cooking oils. As of 2006 the US produced about 1.09 million metric tons of corn oil, which is used for cooking oil, salad dressing, margarine, mayonnaise, prepared goods like spaghetti sauce and baking mixes, and to fry prepared foods like potato chips and French fries.
  • Grape seed oil, used in cooking and cosmetics
  • Hazelnut and other nut oils
  • Linseed oil, from flax seeds
  • Rice bran oil, from rice grains
  • Safflower oil, a flavorless and colorless cooking oil
  • Sesame oil, used as a cooking oil, and as a massage oil, particularly in India

Read more about this topic:  Vegetable Fats

Other articles related to "oil, oils, particular oils":

Motorcycle Oil - Clutch Lubrication
... have a wet clutch, where the clutch plates are immersed in oil ... Some oils make the friction plates in the clutch slippery so that the clutch does not engage properly when shifting gears, or the clutch slips when the engine exceeds a ... Some oils contain friction reducing chemicals ...
Agriculture In Paraguay - Crops - Oils
... for their value as exported processed oils ... coconut, palm, castor bean, flaxseed, and sunflower-seed oils ... substitute for more traditional oils, which also were higher in cholesterol ...
Liqui Moly - Products
... Liqui Moly's main product is motor oil with MoS2 but there are also other lubricants with MoS2 and the additive MoS2 itself to be added by the end user during oil changes ... Molybdenum disulfide enhances the lubrication quality of the oil and offers emergency operating features under harsh conditions ... It can be added to motor oils and to non-motor oils including gear oil, transmission oil or differentials oils ...
... tribe of large apid bees, many of which possess adaptations for carrying floral oils rather than (or in addition to) pollen or nectar ... The floral oils are often gathered from plants of the family Malpighiaceae, though other plants may be visited ... The oil-collecting species typically have "combs" composed of closely spaced, flattened, blunt bristles on the margins of the first tarsal segments of the front and middle legs others may have velvety "pads ...
Vegetable Fats - Particular Oils - Composition of Fats
... Vegetable oils Type Saturated fatty acids Mono- unsaturated fatty acids Polyunsaturated fatty acids Oleic acid (ω-9) Smoke point Total poly linolenic acid (ω-3) Linoleic acid ...

Famous quotes containing the word oils:

    He must be theory-mad beyond redemption who ... shall ... persist in attempting to reconcile the obstinate oils and waters of Poetry and Truth.
    Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849)