The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. The population is enumerated every 10 years and the results are used to allocate Congressional seats (congressional apportionment), electoral votes, and government program funding. The United States Census Bureau (officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. § 11) is responsible for the United States Census.
The first census after the American Revolution was taken in 1790, under Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson; there have been 22 federal censuses since that time. The current national census was held in 2010 and the next census is scheduled for 2020. For years between the decennial censuses, the Census Bureau issues estimates made using surveys and statistical models, in particular, the American Community Survey.
Title 13 of the United States Code governs how the Census is conducted and how its data is handled. Information is confidential as per 13 U.S.C. § 9. Refusing or neglecting to answer the census is punishable by fines of $100, for a property or business agent to fail to provide correct names for the census is punishable by fines of $500, and for a business agent to provide false answers for the census is punishable by fines of $10,000, pursuant to 13 U.S.C. § 221-224.
The United States Census is a population census, which is distinct from the U.S. Census of Agriculture, which is no longer the responsibility of the Census Bureau. It is also distinct from local censuses conduced by some states or local jurisdictions.
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... been taken prior to the Constitution's ratification in the early 17th century, a census was taken in Virginia, and people were counted in nearly all of the ... The content of the decennial census changed accordingly ... in 1840, inquiries on fisheries were added and in 1850, the census included inquiries on social issues, such as taxation, churches, pauperism, and crime ...
... As of July 1, 2013, the United States had a total resident population of 316,252,000, making it the third-most populous country in the world ... California and Texas are the most populous states, as the mean center of United States population has consistently shifted westward and southward ... New York City is the most populous city in the United States ...
... At the time of the 1900 United States Census, Bemies was living with his wife and sons in Meridian, Michigan, near East Lansing ... At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Bemies was living with his wife, Lina, and two sons in German Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania ... At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Bemies was living in Brookings, South Dakota with Madeleine and his two sons from his first marriage ...
... The table below describes the 15 United States statistical areas and 64 counties of the State of Colorado with the following information The combined statistical area (CSA) as ... The CSA population as of July 1, 2011, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau ... The CBSA population as of July 1, 2011, as estimated by the United States Census Bureau ...
... In 1990, the United States Census Bureau undertook a study of the 1990 United States Census, and released a sample of data concerning the most common names ... Within the 2000 United States Census, Cawley was the 5,900th most common last name, with 5,370 occurrences ... below shows data concerning racial-ethnic aspects of the surname in the 2000 United States Census ...
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“... it is probable that in a fit of generosity the men of the United States would have enfranchised its women en masse; and the government now staggering under the ballots of ignorant, irresponsible men, must have gone down under the additional burden of the votes which would have been thrown upon it, by millions of ignorant, irresponsible women.”
—Jane Grey Swisshelm (18151884)
“The veto is a Presidents Constitutional right, given to him by the drafters of the Constitution because they wanted it as a check against irresponsible Congressional action. The veto forces Congress to take another look at legislation that has been passed. I think this is a responsible tool for a president of the United States, and I have sought to use it responsibly.”
—Gerald R. Ford (b. 1913)
“The people of the United States have been fortunate in many things. One of the things in which we have been most fortunate has been that so far, due perhaps to certain basic virtues in our traditional ways of doing things, we have managed to keep the crisis of western civilization, which has devastated the rest of the world and in which we are as much involved as anybody, more or less at arms length.”
—John Dos Passos (18961970)