Unfunded Mandate - Unfunded Mandates Reform Act - Purpose of UMRA

Purpose of UMRA

The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) was approved by the 104th Congress on March 22, 1995, and became effective October 5, 1995, during the Clinton administration. It is public law 104-4. The official legislation summarizes the bill as being:

An Act: To curb the practice of imposing unfunded Federal mandates on States and local governments; to strengthen the partnership between the Federal Government and State, local and tribal governments; to end the imposition, in the absence of full consideration by Congress, of Federal mandates on State, local, and tribal governments without adequate funding, in a manner that may displace other essential governmental priorities; and to ensure that the Federal Government pays the costs incurred by those governments in complying with certain requirements under Federal statutes and regulations, and for other purposes.

In other words, UMRA was enacted to avoid imposing mandates on state governments, local governments, and tribal governments (SLTGs), or to the private sector, when said mandates do not include federal funding to help the STLG carry out the goals of the mandate. It also allows the Congressional Budget Office to estimate the cost of mandates to SLTGs and to the private sector, and allows federal agencies issuing mandates to estimate the costs of mandates to the entities that said mandates regulate.

Read more about this topic:  Unfunded Mandate, Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

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