Twelve Apostles

Twelve Apostles

The commissioning of the Twelve Apostles during the ministry of Jesus is recorded in the Synoptic Gospels. After his resurrection, Jesus sent eleven of them (minus Judas Iscariot) by the Great Commission to spread his teachings to all nations. There is also an Eastern Christian tradition derived from the Gospel of Luke of seventy apostles. Paul the Apostle (Saul of Tarsus), not one of the twelve or the seventy but a later convert, "the apostle of the Gentiles", claimed a special commission from the resurrected Jesus, separate from the Great Commission given to the twelve. Paul did not restrict the term apostle to the twelve, he referred to his mentor Barnabas as an apostle. This restricted usage appears in Revelation. In modern usage, major missionaries are sometimes termed apostles, as in Saint Patrick, "Apostle of Ireland".

The sub-period of Early Christianity during the lifetimes of the apostles is called the Apostolic Age. In the 2nd century, association with the apostles was esteemed as evidence of authority and such churches are known as Apostolic Sees. Paul's epistles were accepted as scripture, and two of the four gospels were associated with apostles, as were other New Testament works. Various Christian texts, such as the Didache and the Apostolic Constitutions, were attributed to the twelve apostles. Bishops traced their lines of succession back to individual apostles, who were said to have dispersed from Jerusalem and established churches across great territories. Christian bishops have traditionally claimed authority deriving, by apostolic succession, from the twelve. Early Church Fathers that came to be associated with Apostles, such as Pope Clement I with Peter the Apostle, are referred to as Apostolic Fathers. The Apostles' Creed, popular in the West, was said to have been composed by the apostles themselves. The twelve apostles are also called the twelve disciples.

Read more about Twelve Apostles:  Terminology, Portrayal, The Apostle To The Gentiles: Paul of Tarsus, Fivefold Ministry, See Also

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... the LDS church believes the right of determining a successor lies with the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles ... A recent succession crisis forced the Council of Twelve Apostles of the Community of Christ to utilize a procedure similar to that of the LDS Council of Twelve Apostles ... Veazey (himself president of the Twelve, but not the senior member) was selected as successor by the Council of Twelve due to Grant McMurray’s decision to not name a successor ...
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Famous quotes containing the words twelve apostles, apostles and/or twelve:

    Among twelve apostles there must always be one who is as hard as stone, so that the new church may be built upon him.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    A bettre preest I trowe that nowher noon ys.
    He waited after no pompe and reverence
    Ne maked hym a spiced conscience,
    But Cristes loore and his apostles twelve
    He taughte, but first he folwed it hymselve.
    Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?–1400)

    Yet I well remember
    The favors of these men. Were they not mine?
    Did they not sometimes cry “All hail!” to me?
    So Judas did to Christ; but He, in twelve,
    Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand, none.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)