The verb-stem temizle- "make clean" is the adjective temiz "clean" with the suffix -le-. Many verbs are formed from nouns or adjectives with -le:
- başla- "make a head", that is, "begin" (intransitive; baş "head");
- kilitle- "make locked", that is, "lock" (kilit "lock");
- kirle- "make dirty" (kir "dirt")
- köpekle- (from köpek "dog", discussed at Turkish grammar#Parts of speech).
The suffix -iş- indicates reciprocal action, which is expressed in English by "each other" or "one another".
- görüşmek "to see one another" (from görmek "to see", for example Görüşürüz, "Goodbye"
(literally "We see one another"))
(But there are exceptions: sevişmek does not mean "to love one another" (from sevmek "to love") but rather "to make love with each other."
Many causative verbs are formed with -dir-.
- öldürmek "to kill" (from ölmek "to die")
- yaptırmak "to have something done" (from yapmak "to do")
Read more about this topic: Turkish Vocabulary
Other articles related to "verbs, verb":
... Verbs and instrumental nouns crossover in that verbs theoretically derived from these nouns appear in an identical form ...
... On this approach, the periphrastic verb catenae briefly illustrated in the previous section are predicators ... These verb catenae generally contain a main verb and potentially one or more auxiliary verbs ... The auxiliary verbs help express functional meaning of aspect and voice ...
... Prototypical verbs and prototypical prepositions exist along a cline with verbs at the start, prepositions at the end, and multicategoried word types in ...
... The characteristic syntactic function of verbs is to act as the heads of predications in which they occur ...
Famous quotes containing the word verbs:
“He crafted his writing and loved listening to those tiny explosions when the active brutality of verbs in revolution raced into sweet established nouns to send marching across the page a newly commissioned army of words-on-maneuvers, all decorated in loops, frets, and arrowlike flourishes.”
—Alexander Theroux (b. 1940)