Thebes may refer to one of the following places:

  • Thebes, Egypt, Thebes of the Hundred Gates, one-time capital of the New Kingdom of Egypt
  • Thebes, Greece, a city in Boeotia
    • Ancient Thebes (Boeotia), Thebes of the Seven Gates
  • Phthiotic Thebes or Thessalian Thebes, an ancient city at Nea Anchialos
  • Thebes at Mycale, until 403 BC subject to Miletus
  • Cilician Thebe, a mythological city in Cilicia, near the Troad
  • Tabas, the capital of Tabas County, an ancient city in central Iran
  • Thebes, Illinois, a village in the United States