Teotihuacan

Teotihuacan (/ˈtɛɔˌtiwɑˈkɑn/), also written Teotihuacán, is an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, just 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Mexico City, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas. The name means "where man met the gods." Apart from the pyramidal structures, Teotihuacan is also known for its large residential complexes, the Avenue of the Dead, and numerous colorful, well-preserved murals. Additionally, Teotihuacan produced a thin orange pottery style that spread through Mesoamerica.

The city is thought to have been established around 100 BC and continued to be built until about 250 AD. The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries AD. At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the 1st millennium AD, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population of perhaps 125,000 or more, placing it among the largest cities of the world in this period. Teotihuacan began as a new religious center in the Mexican Highland around the first century AD. This city came to be the largest and most populated center in the New World. Teotihuacan was even home to multi-floor apartment compounds built to accommodate this large population. The civilization and cultural complex associated with the site is also referred to as Teotihuacan or Teotihuacano.

Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of Teotihuacano presence can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the Maya region. The Aztecs may have been influenced by this city. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is also a subject of debate. Possible candidates are the Nahua, Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups. Scholars have also suggested that Teotihuacan was a multiethnic state.

The city and the archaeological site are located in what is now the San Juan Teotihuacán municipality in the State of México, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Mexico City. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometres (32 sq mi) and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico.

Read more about TeotihuacanName, Archaeological Site, Threat From Development

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Teotihuacan - Threat From Development
... The archaeological park of Teotihuacan is under threat from development pressures ... dump and workers fired when they revealed the carnage to the press." More recently, Teotihuacan has become the center of controversy over Resplandor Teotihuacano, a proposed ...
Manuel Gamio - Work in Mexico and Guatemala
... He was the first scientific investigator to explore Teotihuacan ... these investigations was the book La población del valle de Teotihuacan (The Population of the Valley of Teotihuacan), published in 1922 ... He estimated the maximum population of Teotihuacan at 300,000 ...
Richard Diehl - Research
... From 1961 to 1964 he participated in field trips to the Teotihuacan Valley, the important archaeological locality situated in the central Mexican altiplano where the major city and polity of ... tutelage of Sanders, Diehl conducted research at Teotihuacan and other nearby sites towards his Master's degree, gaining experience in excavation techniques ...
Painting In The Americas Before Colonization - Painting in The Americas Before Colonization - Mesoamerica - The Great Goddess
... A series of murals were found in the Tepantitla compound in Teotihuacan ... In 1942, archaeologist Alfonso Caso identified the central figures as a Teotihuacan equivalent of Tlaloc, the Mesoamerican god of rain and warfare ... been identified at locations other than Tepantitla – including Teotihuacan's Tetitla compound, the Palace of the Jaguars, and the Temple of Agriculture ...
Carlos De Sigüenza Y Góngora - Teotihuacan
... He was one of the first persons, during Spanish rule, to dig around the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan. ...