Tanganyika ( /ˌtæŋɡənˈjiːkə/), from 1962 the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in East Africa from 1961 to 1964. It was situated between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes of Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika. It gained independence from the United Kingdom as a Commonwealth Realm on 9 December 1961, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations exactly a year later on 9 December 1962. On 26 April 1964, Tanganyika joined with the islands of Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, a new state that changed its name to the United Republic of Tanzania within a year.

Tanganyika originally consisted of the British share of the former German colony of German East Africa which the British took under a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, later transformed into a United Nations Trust Territory after the World War II. The other parts of German East Africa were taken into Belgian Trusteeship, eventually becoming known as modern day Rwanda and Burundi.

Other articles related to "tanganyika":

List Of Speakers Of The National Assembly Of Tanganyika
... List of Speakers of the National Assembly of Tanganyika ... Name Entered office Left office Governor of Tanganyika December 7, 1926 November 1953 William Scupham November 1953 ? Abdulkarim Yusufali Alibhai Karimjee January 1, 1956 December 26 ...
Tanganyika Territory
... Tanganyika Territory was a British League of Nations mandate between 1922 and 1946 and a British United Nations trust territory between 1946 and 1961 ... the United Kingdom who named their part of the earlier German area Tanganyika ... The United Kingdom held Tanganyika as a League of Nations mandate until the end of the Second World War after which it was held as a United Nations trust territory ...
Lake Tanganyika Sprat
... The Lake Tanganyika sprat (Stolothrissa tanganicae) is a species of fish in the Clupeidae family ... It and the Lake Tanganyika sardine are known collectively at kapenta ...