Taksin

Taksin (Royal Institute: Somdet Phra Chao Taksin Maharat; Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช listen or The King of the Thonburi Kingdom; Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้ากรุงธนบุรี, Somdet Phra Chao Krung Thonburi; Chinese: 鄭昭; pinyin: Zhèng Zhāo; Teochew: Dên Chao; Vietnamese: Trịnh Quốc Anh) (April 17, 1734 – April 7, 1782) was the only King of the Thonburi Kingdom of Thai Chinese. He is greatly revered by the Thai people for his leadership in liberating Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords. He established the city Thonburi as the new capital, as the city Ayutthaya had been almost completely destroyed by the invaders. His reign was characterized by numerous wars, fought to repel new Burmese invasions and to subjugate the northern Thai kingdom of Lanna, the Laotian principalities, and a threatening Cambodia. He was succeeded by the Chakri dynasty and the Rattanakosin Kingdom under his long-time friend King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke.

Although warfare took up most of King Taksin's time, he paid a great deal of attention to politics, administration, economy, and the welfare of the country. He promoted trade and fostered relations with foreign countries including China, Britain, and the Netherlands. He had roads built and canals dug. Apart from restoring and renovating temples, the king attempted to revive literature, and various branches of the arts such as drama, painting, architecture and handicrafts. He also issued regulations for the collection and arrangement of various texts to promote education and religious studies. In recognition for what he did for the Thais, he was later awarded the title of Maharaj (The Great).

Read more about TaksinCritics Over The Coup, Relation With Chinese Empire: 'Underlined', Legacy, Issue

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Rattanakosin Kingdom - Background
... The resistance to Burmese rule was led by a noble of Chinese descent, Taksin, a capable military leader ... In 1768 he was crowned as King Taksin (now officially known as Taksin the Great) ... Having secured his base in Siam, Taksin attacked the Burmese in the north in 1774 and captured Chiang Mai in 1776, permanently uniting Siam and Lanna ...
Taksin - Issue
... King Taksin had 21 sons and 9 daughters named HRH Front Palace Krom Khun Intarapitak HRH Prince Noi HRH Prince Ampawan HRH Prince Tassaphong HRH Princess Komol HRH Princess Bubpha HRH Prince ...
Taksin Bridge
... The Taksin Bridge (Thai สะพานสมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสิน) is a bridge crossing the Chao Phraya river in Bangkok ... The entry ramp on the east side of the river contains the Saphan Taksin Skytrain station as well as a pier for the Chao Phraya Express Boat ...
Phraya Phichai - History
... Phraya Phichai was a Siamese general serving under King Taksin ... become the first King of Chakri Dynasty) followed Phraya Taksin in repelling the Burmese and reuniting Siam ... They were considered Phraya Taksin's left and right hands ...
Saphan Taksin BTS Station
... Saphan Taksin station (Thai สถานีสะพานตากสิน) is a BTS skytrain station, on the Silom Line in Bang Rak and Sathon District, Bangkok, Thailand ... The station is located at the entry ramp of Taksin Bridge, below Sathon Road, to the east of the Chao Phraya River ...