St. Johns Culture - Diet and Resources

Diet and Resources

While oyster, clam and mussel shells dominate the middens, bones found in the middens indicate that catfish were a much larger component of the St. Johns people's diet than were shellfish. The St. Johns diet consisted of a wide variety of fish, shellfish, reptiles, mammals and birds. Investigation of a site at Hontoon Island indicated that fresh water snails, fish and turtles provided most of the meat consumed at the site, and that those resources were exploited year-round. Plant foods included berries, nuts, cabbage palm, amaranth, and various small plants, especially those growing in wetlands. Gourds were grown, but probably used as containers. Maize cultivation reached the Timucua speakers of the St. Johns culture area around 750, although some authorities think the arrival was as late as 1050. The southernmost part of the St. Johns culture area (the Mayacas) had not acquired maize cultivation at the time of first European contact. The St. Johns peoples were not as dependent on maize cultivation as were most cultures in the southeastern United States, as suitable soil for sustainable maize production was scarce in the wetlands favored for habitation, and abundant wetland resources were available year-round.

Except along the western fringes of the region, the only stone resources available were soft coquina and sandstone, which were used for grinding and abrading tools. Tools and implements were more often made of bone and shell, than of stone. Stone artifacts (usually made of chert) in the St. Johns culture are a mixture of styles preserved from the Archaic period with styles representative of neighboring cultures. Wooden artifacts that were preserved in water and wet soils have also been found.

Read more about this topic:  St. Johns Culture

Other articles related to "diet, diets":

Diet Pepsi - Flavor Variations
... See also Diet Pepsi variations Additional variations of Diet Pepsi have been introduced over the years, wherein other flavors (such as wild cherry, vanilla, lemon, and lime) have been added to the cola ... A caffeine-free version of Diet Pepsi is also produced ... The availability and brand identification of Diet Pepsi flavor variants varies by country ...
Food Combining
... found no evidence that it was any more effective than a "balanced" diet ... The Hay diet is one type of food combining diet ...
Diet Pepsi - History
... Diet Pepsi was originally created in the U.S ... and preferences among the Baby Boom Generation at the time, the drink was re-branded as Diet Pepsi the following year ... It became the first diet cola to be distributed on a national scale in the United States ...
Eastern Cottontail - Diet
... The diet of eastern cottontails is varied and largely dependent on availability ... as many as 70 to 145 plant species in local diets ...

Famous quotes containing the words resources and/or diet:

    How could a man be satisfied with a decision between such alternatives and under such circumstances? No more than he can be satisfied with his hat, which he’s chosen from among such shapes as the resources of the age offer him, wearing it at best with a resignation which is chiefly supported by comparison.
    George Eliot [Mary Ann (or Marian)

    Television programming for children need not be saccharine or insipid in order to give to violence its proper balance in the scheme of things.... But as an endless diet for the sake of excitement and sensation in stories whose plots are vehicles for killing and torture and little more, it is not healthy for young children. Unfamiliar as yet with the full story of human response, they are being misled when they are offered perversion before they have fully learned what is sound.
    Dorothy H. Cohen (20th century)