Sovereign Military Order Of Malta
Coordinates: 41°54′18.69″N 12°28′50.06″E / 41.9051917°N 12.4805722°E / 41.9051917; 12.4805722
|Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta|
|Motto: "Tuitio Fidei et Obsequium Pauperum"|
|Anthem: "Ave Crux Alba"
|Capital||Magistral Palace, Rome|
|-||Prince & Grand Master||Fra' Matthew Festing|
|-||Grand Commander (Lieutenant ad Interim)||Fra' Gherardo Hercolani Fava Simonetti|
|-||Grand Chancellor||Jean-Pierre Mazery|
|-||Loss of Malta||1798|
|-||Headquarters in Rome||1834|
13,000 members and 80,000 volunteers
|Currency||scudo, Euro for postage stamps|
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (Italian: Sovrano Militare Ordine Ospedaliero di San Giovanni di Gerusalemme di Rodi e di Malta), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), Order of Malta or Knights of Malta, is a Roman Catholic lay religious order, traditionally of military, chivalrous, noble nature. It is the world's oldest surviving order of chivalry. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is headquartered in Rome, and is widely considered a sovereign subject of international law.
SMOM is the modern continuation of the original medieval order of Saint John of Jerusalem, known as the Knights Hospitaller, a group founded in Jerusalem about 1050 as an Amalfitan hospital to provide care for poor and sick pilgrims to the Holy Land. After the conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 during the First Crusade, it became a military order under its own charter. Following the loss of Christian held territories of the Holy Land to Muslims, the Order operated from Rhodes (1310–1523), and later from Malta (1530–1798), over which it was sovereign.
Although this state came to an end with the ejection of the Order from Malta by Napoleon, the Order as such survived. It retains its claims of sovereignty under international law and has been granted permanent observer status at the United Nations.
Today the order has about 13,000 members; 80,000 permanent volunteers; and 20,000 medical personnel including doctors, nurses, auxiliaries and paramedics in more than 120 countries. The goal is to assist the elderly, handicapped, refugeed, children, homeless, those with terminal illness and leprosy in five continents of the world, without distinction of race or religion. In several countries—including France, Germany and Ireland—the local associations of the Order are important providers of first aid training, first aid services and emergency medical services. Through its worldwide relief corps—Malteser International—the Order is also engaged to aid victims of natural disasters, epidemics and armed conflicts.
Read more about Sovereign Military Order Of Malta: Name and Insignia, History, International Status of The Order, Governance of The Order, Membership
Other articles related to "sovereign military order of malta, order, malta":
... Postage stamps and postal history of Sovereign Military Order of Malta (Italy) 1966. ...
... In 1834, the Order established a new headquarters in Rome ... Hospital work, the original work of the order, became once again its main concern ... The Order's hospital and welfare activities, undertaken on a considerable scale in World War I, were greatly intensified and expanded in World War II under the Grand Master Fra' Ludovico Chigi Albani della ...
... the Redemption Jubilee pilgrims (2000) Merit medals for the Lourdes Pilgrimages Ribbon for the Malta Order Lourdes Pilgrimages 50th Anniversary Pilgrimages Memorial Medal Lourdes Pilgrimages Memorial Medal ...
Famous quotes containing the words order, military and/or sovereign:
“We are born into them, marry into them, even create them among the people we love. They come large and extended...or small and nuclear. But whatever their size or wherever they live, strong families give us the nurturance and strength we need in order to survive.”
—Andrea Davis (20th century)
“My ancestors were all famous for military genius.
My Lady smiled graciously. It often runs in families, she remarked: just as a love for pastry does.”
—Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson] (18321898)
“The Sovereign has, under a constitutional monarchy such as ours, three rightsthe right to be consulted, the right to encourage, the right to warn. And a king of great sense and sagacity would want no others.”
—Walter Bagehot (18261877)