South Dakota

South Dakota (i/ˌsaʊθ dəˈkoʊtə/) is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux American Indian tribes. South Dakota is the 17th most extensive, but the 5th least populous and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Once the southern portion of the Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of 153,000, is South Dakota's largest city.

South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Montana. The state is bisected by the Missouri River, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and socially distinct halves, known to residents as "East River" and "West River". Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, and fertile soil in this area is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, and the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains, is located in the southwest part of the state. The Black Hills are sacred to the Sioux. Mount Rushmore, a major tourist destination, is located there. Other attractions in the southwest include Badlands and Wind Cave national parks, Custer State Park, the Crazy Horse Memorial, and historic Deadwood. South Dakota experiences a temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west. The ecology of the state features species typical of a North American grassland biome.

Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century. In the late 19th century, European-American settlement intensified after a gold rush in the Black Hills and the construction of railroads from the east. Encroaching miners and settlers caused conflict that triggered a number of Indian wars, ending with the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890. Key events in the 20th century included the Dust Bowl and Great Depression, increased federal spending during the 1940s and 50s for agriculture and defense, and an industrialization of agriculture which has much reduced family farming.

While several Democratic senators have represented South Dakota for multiple terms at the federal level, the state government is largely dominated by the Republican Party, whose nominees have carried South Dakota in each of the most recent twelve presidential elections. Historically dominated by an agricultural economy and a rural lifestyle, South Dakota has recently sought to diversify its economy in areas, including biomedical research and alternative energy fuels, to attract and retain residents. South Dakota's history and rural character still strongly influence the culture of the state.

Read more about South DakotaGeography, History, Demographics, Economy, Transportation, Culture, Cities and Towns, Media, Education, State Symbols

Other articles related to "south dakota, dakota, south":

Estelline, South Dakota
... Estelline is a city in Hamlin County, South Dakota, United States ... It is part of the Watertown, South Dakota Micropolitan Statistical Area ...
Sioux - Ethnic Divisions
... reserves, and communities in Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Canada ... Most of the Yanktons live on the Yankton Indian Reservation in southeastern South Dakota ... on the Spirit Lake Reservation in central North Dakota, and in the eastern half of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation in northeastern Montana ...
VCY America - List of Stations - South Dakota
... Additional Information KVCF 90.5 Freeman, South Dakota 9,000 246 C2 KVCF FCC KVCH 88.7 Huron, South Dakota 60,000 161 C1 KVCH FCC KVCX 101.5 Gregory, South Dakota 100,000 195 C1 KVCX ...
South Dakota - State Symbols
... Main article List of South Dakota state symbols Some of South Dakota's official state symbols include State bird Ring-necked Pheasant State flower American Pasque flower State tree Black Hills Spruce State ... State animal Coyote State fish Walleye State gemstone Fairburn agate State song "Hail, South Dakota!" ...
Cheyenne People
... migrating across the Mississippi River and into North and South Dakota ... Having settled the Black Hills of South Dakota and the Powder River Country of present-day Montana, they introduced the horse culture to Lakota (Sioux) bands about 1730 ... Allied with the Arapaho, the Cheyenne pushed the Kiowa to the South ...

Famous quotes containing the word south:

    My course is a firm assertion and maintenance of the rights of the colored people of the South according to the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, coupled with a readiness to recognize all Southern people, without regard to past political conduct, who will now go with me heartily and in good faith in support of these principles.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)