Sound Film

A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades would pass before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, and amplification and recording quality were also inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in 1923.

The primary steps in the commercialization of sound cinema were taken in the mid- to late 1920s. At first, the sound films incorporating synchronized dialogue—known as "talking pictures", or "talkies"—were exclusively shorts; the earliest feature-length movies with recorded sound included only music and effects. The first feature film originally presented as a talkie was The Jazz Singer, released in October 1927. A major hit, it was made with Vitaphone, the leading brand of sound-on-disc technology. Sound-on-film, however, would soon become the standard for talking pictures.

By the early 1930s, the talkies were a global phenomenon. In the United States, they helped secure Hollywood's position as one of the world's most powerful cultural/commercial systems (see Cinema of the United States). In Europe (and, to a lesser degree, elsewhere) the new development was treated with suspicion by many filmmakers and critics, who worried that a focus on dialogue would subvert the unique aesthetic virtues of soundless cinema. In Japan, where the popular film tradition integrated silent movie and live vocal performance, talking pictures were slow to take root. In India, sound was the transformative element that led to the rapid expansion of the nation's film industry—the most productive such industry in the world since the early 1960s.

Other articles related to "film, sound, sound film, films":

Theodore Case - Career - Movietone and William Fox
... On July 23, 1926, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought Case's patents relating to the sound-on-film process and formed the Fox-Case Corporation ... previously purchased the rights to the sound film patents of Freeman Owens, who had developed a sound movie camera as early as 1921 and coined the term "Movietone", and the U.S ... rights to the German Tri-Ergon sound-on-film process ...
Sound Film - Consequences - Cinematic Form
... Talking film is as little needed as a singing book." Such was the blunt proclamation of critic Viktor Shklovsky, one of the leaders of the Russian formalist ... While some regarded sound as irreconcilable with film art, others saw it as opening a new field of creative opportunity ... Sergei Eisenstein, proclaimed that the use of image and sound in juxtaposition, the so-called contrapuntal method, would raise the cinema to "unprecedented power and ...
Atlantic (film) - Sound
... Atlantic was one of the first British films made with the soundtrack optically recorded on the film (sound-on-film), and was Germany's first sound movie feature ... In England, it was released in both sound and silent prints ... French version was the fourth French feature with sound-on-film ...
Theodore Case - Career - Work in Sound-on-film
... Case began working on his sound-on-film process in 1921 after his Case Research Lab's development of the Thallofide (thallium oxysulfide) light-sensitive vacuum tube ... who worked with Case at the lab until he went with Case to Fox Film Corporation in 1926 ... with other people, including Lee De Forest, to create a sound-on-film process similar to the sound film systems used today ...
... Sound-on-film refers to a class of sound film processes where the sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film, usually, but not always, the same strip of film carrying the picture ... Sound-on-film processes can either record an analog sound track or digital sound track, and may record the signal either optically or magnetically ... Earlier technologies were sound-on-disc, meaning the film's soundtrack would be on a separate phonograph record ...

Famous quotes containing the words film and/or sound:

    A film is a petrified fountain of thought.
    Jean Cocteau (1889–1963)

    It’s precisely the disappointing stories, which have no proper ending and therefore no proper meaning, that sound true to life.
    Max Frisch (1911–1991)