Socrates ( /ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης, Ancient Greek pronunciation:, Sōkrátēs; c. 469 BC – 399 BC) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.

Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. It is Plato's Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed.

Read more about SocratesPhilosophy, Satirical Playwrights, Prose Sources

Other articles related to "socrates":

Caminhos Do Coração - Plot
... Socrates Mayer, owner of one of the largest private clinics in the country, Progênese ... she is an adopted child, she finds herself in a tight spot the police find her lying near Socrates' dead body and accuse her of killing him ... This was set up so that Maria could not inherit Socrates's large wealth ...
Socrates Of Achaea
... Socrates (ca 436 BC – 401 BC) was a Greek mercenary general from Achaea who traveled to Persia to fight at the Battle of Cunaxa ... Socrates was summoned by Cyrus, with whom he was already connected, to bring as many troops as he could muster under the pretense that Cyrus intended to attack Tissaphernes ... Socrates had previously been besieging Miletus alongside Pasion the Megarian ...
Socrates Schools - Campus
... Socrates School has 4 campuses in the greater Montreal area to better serve the Greek community Montreal, Laval, West Island and the South Shore (Montreal) ... SOCRATES II 5777, ave Wilderton, Montréal ... H3S 2V7 SOCRATES III 11, 11e rue, Roxboro, H8Y 1K6 SOCRATES IV 5220, Grande Allée, St-Hubert, J3Y 1A1 SOCRATES V 931, Emerson, Laval, H7W 3Y5 and 1005, boul Pie X, Laval, H7V 3A9 ...
Christopher Phillips - Published Works - Books
... available) "Constitution Cafe" (ISBN 978-0-393-06480-3) (2011) "Socrates In Love" (ISBN 978-0393330670) (2007) "Six Questions of Socrates" (ISBN 978-0393326796 ...
Socrates - Legacy - Ahmadiyya Viewpoint
... Muslim Community) argued in his book Revelation, Rationality, Knowledge Truth that Socrates was a prophet of the ancient Greeks ... The apparent prophetic qualities of Socrates are indeed a subject for debate ... Similarly, Socrates often refers to God in the singular as opposed to the plural and actively rejected the Greek pantheon of Gods and Goddesses unless ...

Famous quotes containing the word socrates:

    Evolution is the law of policies: Darwin said it, Socrates endorsed it, Cuvier proved it and established it for all time in his paper on “The Survival of the Fittest.” These are illustrious names, this is a mighty doctrine: nothing can ever remove it from its firm base, nothing dissolve it, but evolution.
    Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (1835–1910)

    Not because Socrates has said it, but because it is really in my nature, and perhaps a little more than it should be, I look upon all humans as my fellow-citizens, and would embrace a Pole as I would a Frenchman, subordinating this national tie to the common and universal one.
    Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592)

    Both Socrates and Jesus were outstanding teachers; both of them urged and practiced great simplicity of life; both were regarded as traitors to the religion of their community; neither of them wrote anything; both of them were executed; and both have become the subject of traditions that are difficult or impossible to harmonize.
    Jaroslav Pelikan (b. 1932)