Social Movement

Social Movement

Social movements are a type of group action. They are large informal groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues. In other words, they carry out, resist or undo a social change.

Modern Western social movements became possible through education (the wider dissemination of literature), and increased mobility of labor due to the industrialization and urbanization of 19th century societies. It is sometimes argued that the freedom of expression, education and relative economic independence prevalent in the modern Western culture are responsible for the unprecedented number and scope of various contemporary social movements. However, others point out that many of the social movements of the last hundred years grew up, like the Mau Mau in Kenya, to oppose Western colonialism. Either way, social movements have been and continued to be closely connected with democratic political systems. Occasionally, social movements have been involved in democratizing nations, but more often they have flourished after democratization. Over the past 200 years, they have become part of a popular and global expression of dissent.

Modern movements often utilize technology and the internet to mobilize people globally. Adapting to communication trends is a common theme among successful movements.

Political science and sociology have developed a variety of theories and empirical research on social movements. For example, some research in political science highlights the relation between popular movements and the formation of new political parties as well as discussing the function of social movements in relation to agenda setting and influence on politics.

Read more about Social Movement:  Definition, History, Types of Social Movement, Identification of Supporters, Dynamics of Social Movements, Social Movement Theories, Social Movement and Social Networking

Other articles related to "social movement, social, social movements, movement, movements":

Social Movement and Social Networking
... Many discussions have been generated recently on the topic of social networking and the effect it may play on the formation and mobilization of social movement ... the emergence of the Coffee Party first appeared on the social networking site, Facebook ... The 2009–2010 Iranian election protests also demonstrated how social networking sites are making the mobilization of large numbers of people quicker and ...
... By definition, a countermovement in sociology means a social movement opposed to another social movement ... Whenever one social movement starts up, another group establishes themselves to undermine the previous group ... Many social movements start out as an effect of political activism towards issues that a group disagrees with ...
Biographical Dictionary Of The Extreme Right Since 1890 - Entries - R
... Founder of the Patriotic People's Movement ... RAUTI, Giuseppe Umberto (known as Pino) (1926- ) Leader of the Italian Social Movement, the Ordine Nuovo and the Social Idea Movement ... RINTELEN, Anton (1876–1946) Christian Social Party politician ...
Consumer Activism - Conceptions of Consumer Movement
... Three elements are necessary, according to Touraine, for the ideology of a social movement identity, opposition, and totality ... identity of the members of the social movement ... has been appropriate for the other movements, including the lesbian and gay, civil rights, and feminist movements ...
Sidney Tarrow - Publications
... Power in Movement Collective Action, Social Movements and Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1994 ... El Poder en Movimiento, Alianza, 1998 revised as Power in Movement Social Movements and Contentious Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1998) ... eds.) From Structure to Action Comparing Social Movement Research Across Cultures, International Social Movement Research I, (JAI Press, 1988) ...

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